There are, in fact, 15 departments in the executive office, each tasked with dealing with a specific type of issue. These two elements are the cornerstone of the model, because they both complement each other and provide support for each other. Weber noted six major principles. It is that spirit that creates our jobs. Thus, there are offices with the same amount of authority but with different kinds of functions operating in different areas of competence. Sloan had a realistic approach to development and innovation.
Official Rules: A basic and most emphasised feature of bureaucratic organisation is that administrative process is continuous and governed by official rules. Bureaucracy, as described by Weber, emphasize rationality, predictability, impersonality, technical competence, and authoritarianism. It sets no room for favoritism. Bankim Nongthombam Singh who has so ably guided the research project with his vast fund of knowledge, advice and constant encouragement, which made me, think past the difficulties and lead to the successful completion of the project. He believed bureaucracy was the most efficient way to set up an organisation, administration and organizations. This is what allows the continuous fulfillment of a position. Normally, the position of the official is held for life, at least in public bureaucracies; As a factual rule, tenure for life is presupposed, even where the giving of notice or periodic reappointment occurs.
To paint a picture of just how complex the federal bureaucracy is, each of these more than 2,000 agencies overlap at least one other agency, sometimes making efficient administration a nightmare. Top members of the bureaucracy are technocrats--experts in technical and administrative affairs. Here are some of the views about this controversial issue: List of Advantages of Bureaucracy 1. Supporters of bureaucracy prefer the idea of designating appointed officials who have the educational background and expertise on the agency they will assigned to. Hierarchy: The basic feature of bureaucratic organisation is that there is hierarchy of positions in the organisation. This involves: i a sphere of obligations to perform functions which has been marked off as part of a systematic division of labour; ii the provision of the incumbent with necessary authority to carry out these functions; and iii the necessary means of compulsion are clearly defined and their use is subject to definite conditions.
Problems Because employees of an bureaucratic organization have no opportunity to voice their opinion or influence decision making, a bureaucracy may demotivate employees in the long run. This system suffers from too much of red tape and paper work. Constitution is Sometimes present in bureaucracy. The style can seem robotic and subordinates can easily feel less appreciated under the system. A well-designed organization develops realistic job descriptions and evaluative practices to guide employees and encourage collaboration rather than empire building.
. They defined many 20th-century institutions. Example of Street Level Bureaucracy Post office officials are among the first street level bureaucrats in the country. According to the proposed idea, the system should be impersonal and must not be biased for individuals, based on their wealth, influences, connections or position. It results to passive and rule-based human beings.
He believed that if carefully managed, a bureaucratic administration can lead to effective decision-making, optimum use of resources and successful accomplishment of organizational goals. An official elected by the governed is not a purely bureaucratic figure. Some characteristics are true for both kinds of memory; others are true for just … one. A formal hierarchical structure Each level controls the level below and is controlled by the level above. Today a bureaucracy is a large administrative organization that handles the day-to-day business of a government or society.
The bureaucratic form, according to Parkinson, has another attribute. This way, outcomes will be within the specified range. Unlike with certain other leadership theories, such as charismatic leadership, the framework is rather ease to follow and to set up. I have tried to write the project in my words as far as possible and simplified all the concepts by presenting it in different form. Bureaucracy Advantages and Disadvantages Every form of government has certain pros and cons. The bureaucracy regulates various government activities. The division of labor and recognition of specialization are important aspects in this refined bureaucratic theory.
As a government form, some characteristics of bureaucracyare benefits and some are not. The social position of the official A. Characteristics of a Bureaucracy Max Weber, a German sociologist known for being the architect of modern sociology, viewed bureaucracy as the best way to achieve organization in government, and in large business. Since employees are bound to follow the rules etc. They bring to mind long, difficult forms; standing in long lines; and encounters with inflexible and unsympathetic clerks. Individuals can come and go, but the position is defined by the workflow and the rules guiding behavior of occupants in that position. Max Weber on Bureaucracy I.