Up to 100 million animals, from fish to chimpanzees, may be used every year for the purpose of animal research. Animal rights also exist and abusing someone weaker than us is not right. Animals however, are never asked for their opinion and have never had their rights safeguarded. The most significant research today using animals pertains to diabetes and cancer using primarily mice. And for testing adverse reactions, there is also the method called microdosing, where small doses are being administered on humans themselves.
Human lives should not be put at risks by letting them volunteer for testing medicines for potential toxicity or side effects, as well as for manipulating genes. In vitro in glass testing, such as studying cell cultures in a petri dish, can produce more relevant results than animal testing because human cells can be used. Moreover, testing on animals has helped develop vaccines for many serious diseases such as Herpes Simplex, Hepatitis B, Polio, rabies, malaria, mumps, virus-related conditions, and organ transplantation rejection. Laboratory mice, for example, live for only two to three years, so researchers can study the effects of treatments or genetic manipulation over a whole lifespan, or across several generations, which would be infeasible using human subjects. The animal trials help minimize the chances of human death during clinical trials, saving pharmaceutical and medical organizations millions of dollars in compensation.
They are forced fed, deprived of food and water, restrained physically for prolonged periods, inflicted with burns, wounds and pain to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even killed through neck-breaking or asphyxiation. Many people also believe that animals are inferior to humans and very different from them, hence results from animals cannot be applied to humans. Fewer animals are used in research than as food for humans Compared to the amount of chicken, cattle, sheep and pigs that humans eat, relatively few of them are used in experimentation. One would believe that since animals do not have any significant relationships to harbor, neither do certain species contribute much to the environment, they can be picked up for testing the effects of various products cosmetic, prescription drugs and even household compounds on them, and utilizing the results to conclude about their effects on human beings. Image 1: Professional, ethical scientists carefully monitoring and testing animals and developing life-saving cures.
It is widely used for the development of medical procedures and to gain scientific knowledge. Morris in 1895 in surgical procedures on women, yet history credits the discovery to Emil Knauer who reproduced the procedure in rabbits in 1896. There are many other cures and vaccines that have been created and found thanks to animal testing. As the title indicates, this article focuses on the negative aspects of animal testing, such as the cost, the lack of protection for animals, and the fact that some tests are, in the end, simply pointless. Proponents claim that most medical breakthroughs in the last century were direct results of animal experimentation. Want to use a pros and cons structure for your essay? Generally, testing protocols are often painful to the animal test subjects, where they are deprived of food and water, force-fed, physically restrained in long periods, inflicted with pain and wounds to test for healing process effects and remedies, and even purposely killed as part of the process.
They are not given the right amount and type of anesthesia, that makes them susceptible to extreme suffering due to the experiments performed on them. On top of that, some of the tests may never render any useful information at all, and therefore animal lives are sacrificed in vain, and no human benefit was derived. Finally, our sole endeavor should be to come up with a middle path, that will secure the lives of both species, and enable them to lead a peaceful life. Hence, several regulations have been put in place that evaluate and control animal testing in laboratories. After several monkeys died in unmanned space flights carried out during the 1940s, the first monkey to survive a space flight was Yorick, recovered from an Aerobee missile flight on Sep.
But the real highlight is that vivisection helped kept endangered species, such as the California condor, the tamarins of Brazil, and the black-footed ferret, from becoming extinct. Also, some claim animal experiments can be misleading as an animal's response to a drug cannot be absolutely similar to a humans. Animal testing helps to lessen the risk of an unplanned event occurring when humans use or ingest the products that are part of the animal testing experiment. This lengthy New York Times article describes a variety of tests, surgeries, and other experiments a giant research lab is using in an attempt to re-engineer farm animals. Let's find out more about the pros and cons of animal testing from the articles given below. Animal surgeries, animal antibiotics, etc. The hearts of animal lovers go out for these suffering animals.
Animal testing pros include a longer life expectancy for pets, in addition to a healthier life made possible by analyzing the date from testing. People in the United States eat 9 billion chickens and 150 million cattle, pigs and sheep annually, yet we only use around 26 million animals for research, 95% of which are rodents, birds and fish. The following paragraphs will cover some facts and put forth the pros and cons of animal testing. Animal testing has contributed to many life-saving cures and treatments. Humans and animals are also biologically similar, having the same set of organs, bloodstream and central nervous system, which is why they are affected with the same diseases and health conditions.
In many cases, there are now scientific ways of testing medications and other procedures or ideas without the use of animals or people. Although, it is claimed none of the animals were hurt in the test, but how can one be 100% sure? Without these tests being done, there would never be a cure or vaccine for the illnesses that affect animals. This is extremely useful because it gives much more realistic results as to how a human would be affected without having to endanger human lives. It is important to ask why we are ethically entitled to value human lives above animal lives. List of Pros of Animal Experimentation 1. Research animals are cared for by veterinarians, husbandry specialists, and animal health technicians to ensure their well-being and more accurate findings. This fact has caused multiple groups to come forward in protest of this type of testing.
An article in the November 29, 1965 issue of Sports Illustrated about Pepper, a farmer's pet Dalmation that was kidnapped and sold into experimentation, is believed to have been the initial catalyst for the rise in anti-testing sentiment. These include birds, fish, mice and rats. Some experiments also include the administration of lethal doses of certain chemicals to determine how much would kill animals. Though these are developed and designed for positive purposes, there are still certain arguments discussing about the pros and cons of animal experimentations. Without chimpanzees, a vaccine for Hepatitis B never would have been found. However, Yorick died several hours after landing, possibly due to heat stress. Published in Newsweek, this article reports that, if animal rights activists achieved their goal of ending all animal testing, many people would suffer.
Above all, though, is that the testing certainly can and often does involve the pain and suffering of the animals. It is performed despite the existence of less expensive alternatives. Without that testing, pets may be exposed to dangerous medications and surgeries. It can never be guaranteed that the effect of a particular drug on an animal will produce the same effect on a human being. Magel It is difficult to compare the importance of human life over animal life.