There is no question of rank, , or status. That definition allows even a representative government to be labeled a tyranny. But as absolute rule became established in the Roman Empire, the terms of debate shifted, focusing on the question of when monarchic power became tyrannical in nature. The Saudi Arabian government is an example of a modern aristocracy, where the king is the supreme ruler, and is assisted by officials who come from the royal family, or are appointed by the king himself. At several points under the early emperors, were formed to remove the ruler and restore the republic on the grounds that the imperial power was unconstitutional and therefore illegal, but they failed owing to lack of support by the people who strongly favoured monarchic rule and the individual ambitions of the conspirators. Not only would this event ingrain in Plato his scorn for majoritarian rule.
Very often, till about 1850 in many parts of Europe, the aristocrats weren't only the landowners, but also judged minor cases. Later on in classical history, however, the word gradually acquired more of its modern flavour, implying a ruler whose sole motivation was power and personal gain, and as a result its use in public life became controversial. Their power was dependent not on a right to rule but on their own ability to command and retain control. During the French Revolution 1789 to 1799 , aristocrats were dragged onto the streets and beheaded. This form of government has certain characteristics such as the separation of powers between the main organs of the state, a number of political parties, , and such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion and assembly, trade unions, and democratic governance. Other variations are republics, like the U. Since Roman times philosophers have argued for the right of the citizen to overthrow a tyrant whatever the law and have debated the point at which monarchic rule becomes tyrannical.
These people and their families are the most recent example of Indian aristocracy, and many of these families still hold positions of high importance and influence in modern day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Accusations of tyranny came to refer to the quality of rule rather than its legitimacy: an emperor who abused his power or used it for personal ends was seen as despotic, although it took a brave man to say so in public. At first, dependent governments were set up under Macedonian rule. The crowd, Plato would argue, loves flattery and too often succumbs to the vaporous promises of vaporous leaders. Meaning An aristocracy is a form of government where leaders are drawn from the elite classes of society. In addition to political, moral, intellectual, and military superiority, an aristocracy may also include members of the elite from wealthy or religious backgrounds.
In a majority of aristocracies, both historical and modern, the ruling classes appointed their own heirs as successors. The Republic Curiosity made the cat smarter. They were sole rulers with direct and personal power over the state, unconstrained by political institutions. The existed as an emergency measure whereby one man could be appointed to overall power in the state, but it could be held for six months at most. The athenian philosopher indeed supported the rule of the best; the rule of his philosopher kings. During this time from the mid 1800's to 1947 , the British controlled much of the country, while there were a number of semi autonomous Princely States in existence which were ruled by Maharajahs, Nawabs, Nizams etc. This led to the rise of a noble class, members of which held official titles, like a Baron, Duke, Earl, and Lord, and assisted the king in ruling his kingdom.
Certain rulers, such as , tyrant of Akragas in Sicily, who allegedly burned his enemies alive in a bull, were bywords for uncontrolled cruelty and self-indulgence, but others, such as Pittakos at Mytilene, were remembered favourably in later sources as wise and moderate rulers who brought prosperity and peace to their cities. It's contrasted from a democratic republic because it does not allow the ordinary citizens to vote for their representatives. Keep in mind that an Aristocracy represents a government ruled by a minority in society. Individual as well as collective action is better leaded by reason than feeling. Sometimes a tyrant would take … over after a king, and the aristocrats would either stay aristocrats and advisors to the king, or be pushed down to lower class citizens as time went on to be replaced by other advisors the tyrant favored better. But, they also wanted to avoid mob rule at all costs, which comes with a direct democracy, heeding the words of Plato and Aristotle.
Societies are complex and often not easily categorized. In 46 bce Caesar also took an army into Italy and was made dictator—first for 10 years and then, in 44, for life. So the idea of an 'aristocratic republic' is a contradiction. Another View: Republic and Aristocracy are two quite different words. Peisistratus did not dismantle the structure of government, and assemblies of the people continued to be held and magistrates continued to be appointed under his rule.
Aristotle considered aristocracy, or the rule of the best people, to be the best option for government. One view sees rivalry between aristocratic families who vied to take all power into their own hands; the other suggests that tyrants were representative of a newly politically conscious dēmos people who supported their rise in the hope of improving their position within the state. The ruling elite may try to hold elections among themselves, or appoint their family members, with an intention of restricting power among themselves. Often they could have their serfs or agricultural labourers whipped for things like 'disrespect'. Later on, however, this changed to a government ruled by a privileged group of people such as the elite social class in the nation. A , which is the more popular form among nations, is a system where the people exercise their voting power to elect representatives to the government in order to exercise this supreme power on their behalf. Another View: Republic and Aristocracy are two quite different words.
However, the aristocracy continued to exercise political power out of all proportion to its importance until the 1960s. Indeed, it is one of the few sets of terms that can be easily distinguished by simply understanding their meaning. But tyranny was more complex than Aristotle implies. Well, the real name of such a government is aristocracy, which is explained below, with its advantages and disadvantages. The Channel Islands have an aristocratic government also, my knowledge is a bit vague but I think they have a senate based on royal or aristocratic connections. They had very few rights but unlike slaves they couldn't be bought and sold except with the land. A person of a superior social class, in a society where one's class is determined by birth.
As mentioned before, Aristocracy refers to a form of government of a nation. A Democracy, on the other hand, is quite common and familiar to many of us. When one hears the word 'government', the modern parliamentary system comes in mind, where we are allowed to vote for the candidate we like. Also known as aristocracy, this form of government results when a society is ruled by a few people of a certain class or privilege, typically wealthy, educated nobility. The founders of the American Constitution decisively kept all elements of a hereditary aristocracy out of the new government, seeking to learn a lesson from the historical misadventures of Europe.
In an Aristocracy, characteristics such as , voting by citizens, are not present. Each new ruler is chosen. So the idea of an 'aristocratic republic' is a contradiction. In a Democracy, the ultimate goal is the interests of the citizens. Aristocracy rule by the best people which tends to degrade tooligarchy rule by the few. By 133 bce the growth of the had changed Rome from a small city-state to a global power, and the conquest of Italy and the Mediterranean had created the conditions for individual generals to gain both enormous wealth through conquest and a huge following among their soldiers, paving the way for them to seek personal power through military force.