Thus, while it made conditions rough for the people on the lowest rung of society, it did not subject them to an official's whim. Ancient Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi Hammurabi, first ruler of the empire, holds the claim of restoring order and justice to Mesopotamia. This is the importance of the Hammurabi's code of laws. Hammurabi is the sixth king of Babylonia who has written the code and made it to appear permanently on stones called steles. But, by far, the most important of those is the Code of Hammurabi.
If one break a man's bone, they shall break his bone. However, beyond just popular civic projects, Hammurabi was a very ambitious ruler who long coveted the proximate lands of the resource-rich Mesopotamia. However, its copying in subsequent generations indicates that it was used as a model of legal and judicial reasoning. Hammurabi wanted his subjects to obey him because they liked him and believed he made just, fair laws and not because they were apprehensive of his formidable. Divorce was attainable, though more easily for the man than the woman.
If one destroy the eye of a freeman or break the bone of a freeman he shall pay one gold. The codes were written on an impressive stele, still preserved till date. So his central court established these policies. But in reality, when you look at the book of the covenant in Exodus and compare it to Hammurabi's law code, you can see that it's just about as ad hoc as the Book of Hammurabi is as well. Dieter Viel Judges were also held to a certain standard in the laws.
You see, it was impossible for everyone to come to Hammurabi, everyone to come to him and get judgments directly from him. The Law Code of Hammurabi is significant because it is one of the oldest set of laws yet discovered by modern archaeologists. Charpin notes that, even if one could read, the stele would be difficult to use as a reference to look up a law. Under him the petty warring states of the lower valley were forced into unity and peace, and disciplined into order and security by an historic code of laws. The Code's importance as a reflection of Babyloniansociety is indisputable.
As per claims of historians, the king Shutruk raided Sippar, a city of ancient Babylonia and carried this stele back to Susa. It has already earned a place alongside the Rosetta Stone as one of the most important artifacts of the ancient world. The code sees the father, as you might expect, as the head of the household. The discrimination of slaves under Hammurabi Law Code Image Credit: The law code of Hammurabi was liberal and quite modern in many respects. Some of these laws were quite modern and fair in their approach.
Back in the Babylonian empire, his code of laws helped the people with every part of their daily lives. Lenders also had to finalize the contract in front of witnesses and wait for harvest time before demanding repayment. Howe … ver, if a noble poked out a slaves eye, then the person would only have to pay a fine to the slaves owner due to the difference in social classes. The institutionalization of slavery — If one contemporary social aspect can be gathered from the Code of Hammurabi, it is the state institutionalized ill-treatment of the slaves. While the Code of Hammurabi was trying to achieve equality, biases still existed towards those categorized in the lower end of the social spectrum and some of the punishments and justice could be gruesome. Once that barrier was gone, and news of the great king weakening spread, the eastern tribes prepared their armies to invade.
Furthermore, some laws were bluntly gender-biased, with statutes generally tending to favor free men over women for the same crime. If someone stole, both arms would be cut off. The ordeal was resorted to regularly in what were considered the most serious crimes, adultery and sorcery, because it was thought these two infractions were most likely to undermine social stability. Without those records, much of Greek and Roman Culture would have been lost. Apart from these types of laws, there were laws that were gender biased. The Law of Retribution is based on the doctrine of taking revenge and giving it back in the same way. If someone had cutten off someone's hand, their's would get cut off.
Now, however, when urban citizens commonly rubbed shoulders with nomads following a completely different way of life, when speakers of several west Semitic Amurru languages, as well as others, were thrown together with uncomprehending Akkadians, confrontation must all too easily have spilled over into conflict. Property in the form of land and houses -- or even wives and children -- could serve as collateral, too. Hammurabi was known more as a builder and a conqueror than a law-giver during his lifetime — Now while this may seem as anti-climactic to some, historians are still not sure of the how the laws in the Code of Hammurabi were used practically in a dynamic society with so many variant parameters including its respective factions, their tribal connections, political influences, and even deities. During such tumultuous times in the region of Mesopotamia, the draconian laws unsurprisingly favored the the authoritative class over the subservient social classes. You can view a copy via Related Links, below.