For some people, the psychological effect of this is like being smothered. For this, the Beat movement was met with a series of censorships and law enforcement excesses. One woman who had bought into the suburban dream and seen it go sour was Betty Friedan. Notably, suburban shopping malls began to replace downtown shops during the 1950s. Boxy and conservative in the first half of the decade, they became lower, longer, wider, and sleeker. One of the big pioneers in this field was Rosser Reeves, best known for his Anacin commercials that showed annoying animated images of hammers pounding and throbbing brains to get people to buy his product for their headaches. The important differences between the decades are what make each decade a special chapter in the grand American story.
They were often hand decorated with various patterns or beads to make them unique and worn over petticoats. People bought big houses in the new and bought new time-saving household appliances. A strong post-war economy meant there was money to spend. The need to always have more and better goods emerged rapidly in the West during the 1950s. External video , One of the most influential and most highly critically acclaimed of the many books about the era is by journalist and author. This meant, that being an immigrant who was trying to become a U. Set the lesson in historical context by describing the post-war boom in domestic spending to rebuild America as we struggled with the fallout from the Cold War era at home.
Vance Packard exposed these tricks in his book, The Hidden Persuaders, but people still kept buying. Conflict arose when the governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, mobilized the National Guard to prevent nine Black girls from enrolling in a Little Rock High School. Women, traditionally expected to do most of the shopping for the household, were encouraged to identify as patriotic Americans by being savvy consumers. The baby boom was underway. In 1955, Walt Disney's saw the production of 'coonskin caps' and other frontier-themed toys. Teens started to get disposable income from parents and part-time jobs, they also started to gain more leisure time and that combination meant more shopping.
Skeletal structure, including length of muzzle , breadth and depth of chest, width of shoulders, proper spinal alignment , ears set in the proper position on the head , and even tail placement. The source of the conformity and the fear came from the government trying to rush the American people into the cold war and against the communists is portrayed in the words of J. Although the primary participants' military forces never officially clashed directly, they expressed the conflict through military coalitions, strategic conventional force deployments, a , espionage, , propaganda, and technological competition, e. African American women, as well as women of lower socioeconomic standing, were not portrayed in popular culture as wives and mothers; in fact, these women were hardly portrayed at all. People dressed the same, talked the same, and acted the same. Socks were sometimes worn, but were not as necessary as they are now. When addressing the Fifties more often then not will you hear that it was a time of Conformity.
Investigating private citizens for alleged communist affiliations in government, private-industry and in the media produced widespread fear and destroyed the lives of many innocent American citizens. Like stereotypes, conforming and expecting others to conform maintains cognitive balance. Fredric Wertham's book rallied opposition to violence, gore, and sex in comics, arguing that it was harmful to the children who made up a large segment of the comic book audience. Around 1955, we start to see that some of the biggest trends are targeted towards teenagers. There were new opportunities arising, and suburbs were becoming the norm. Each house sat on a lot of 60 by 100 feet and had two bedrooms a bathroom, a 12 by 16 foot living room, and a kitchen. Reflecting this were films such as the melodramas by director ; 1955 , 1956 , 1956 and 1959.
Moreover, because the Cold War was also a competition between two very different economic systems, the virtues of capitalism were touted as proving the superiority of the United States over the Soviet Union. . More properly it was a transitional era seeing revolutionary changes in the home, the workplace and attitudes toward sex. Conformity in Style During the 1950's, style was used to set a common standard of look. The soloist can play anything he wants as long as he stays within the tempo and the chord changes — just as, in a democracy, the individual can say or do whatever he wants as long as he obeys the law. This was known as the White Flight.
The Beginnings of Change At the end of the 1950's, we start to see less conservative styles appear. Conformity became a part of every American Life to a large extent. A proxy war is a conflict between two nations where neither country directly engages the other. Remember, if you are doing research for a similar essay title do not quote this one. New film techniques were developed , , , and that were ideally suited for the big budget , , , and 1963. The solution to this problem was a brand new phenomenon: the suburbs. Agatha Christie was also at a stage where she published at an average rate of one book every year.
And that could only be good for business. This was a time, we tend to assume, of peace, prosperity, and apple-pie values. As always, men dominated the suburban household. Another two forms of compliance are ingratiation and reciprocity; the first being the concept of getting people to like you before asking them a request and the latter being the concept of 'indebting' or performing a favour before making the request. Although women were expected to identify primarily as wives and mothers and to eschew work outside of the home, women continued to make up a significant proportion of the postwar labor force.
Fifties fashion also helped to define a woman's place in society, especially for wives. The President was Harry Truman, whose last year in presidency was in 1952. Tennessee singer Elvis Presley popularized black music in the form of rock and roll, and shocked more staid Americans with his ducktail haircut and undulating hips. Low budget teen films punctuated with rock and roll soundtracks were produced through the decade with provocative titles such as , , Girls in the Night, Girls Town, Hound-Dog Man, Lost, Lonely, and Vicious, Running Wild, Hot Rod Girl, Juvenile Jungle, , and the -scripted. They used obscene poetry, vivacious jazz music and drugs to enhance their artistic and sensory perceptions and combat the stiff, traditional, inhibiting social rules that regulated mainstream society. Accordingly, the 1950s in the United States are generally considered both and highly in nature.
However, although corporate regimentation seemed familiar enough to these men, the lack of excitement and sense of purpose they had known during the war was gone. Everyone around you does the same things, wears the same things, eats the same things, talks about the same things and thinks the same things. Pet standards are much less stringent. Such groundbreaking literature from the beats includes ' , 's , and Jack Kerouac's. Strom Thurmond, the governor of South Carolina, for president on the States' Rights ticket.