The tide is full, the moon lies fair Upon the straits; —on the French coast the light Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand, Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay. Now though, this time as passed. Love is invoked as the ultimate solace with a sense of a certain consolation. Ah, love, let us be true To one another! This piece is made up of four stanzas containing a variable number of lines. He speaks now directly to her, and perhaps, to all those true believers in God that are still out there. The light that shines then vanishes representing to this speaker, and to Arnold himself, the vanishing faith of the English people. He explores this contradiction through what is possibly the poem's most famous stanza, that which compares his experience to that of Sophocles.
Thus the greed gave a death blow to this faith. Even though the two literary pieces were written nearly a century apart, both deal with the corruption of humanity as it pulls away from simple pleasures, such as nature, art, faith and literature, and pursues shallow ideals, such as materialism and conformity. The speaker calls his companion to join him in experiencing the delight that nature is. Critics have noted the careful diction in the opening description, the overall, spell-binding rhythm and cadence of the poem and its dramatic character. When the sea retreats, so does faith, and leaves us with nothing. According to the poet the Sea of Faith once had united the whole mankind but now it has declined. Arnold is the speaker speaking to someone he loves.
Beginning in the present it shifts to the classical age of Greece, then with its concerns for the sea of faith it turns to Medieval Europe, before finally returning to the present. At this point, the poet invites his friend, companion to come and share with him this beautiful moment of the sea. Hope I have completed Summary and Analysis. The French town of Calais is just a little over twenty miles away, which is why he can see the light there. He finds in hearing the sea sound, the retreat of religion and faith. Come to the window, sweet is the night-air! Now he only hears the sorrowful roar of the retreating steps of faith with the receding tides.
The calm and quiet sea is filled with water at the time of high-tide. According to the poet, in a world that has been tormented by deception, lies and gloom, love is the ultimate truth. In the year 1852, Arnold published his second volume of poems and by the year 1857, Arnold was elected as Professor of poetry at the Oxford. However, the sounds of the waves at the sea now only represent melancholy and retreating when the night wind blows over the beaches that are covered with coarse sand and large stones. The tide is full, the moon lies fair Upon the straits; on the French coast the light Gleams and is gone; the cliffs of England stand, Glimmering and vast, out in the tranquil bay. So the sea is turned into the sea of faith, which is a metaphor for a time when religion could still be experinenced without the doubt that the modern age brought about through Darwinism, The Industrial Revolution, Imperalis and this cause a crisis in religion. It is a land that appears to be full of various beautiful, new and joyous things but that is not the case.
Thomas Arnold whose keen interest in Thucydides had a distinct impact on his students. It looks new and beautiful like a land of dreams but in reality this world does not really have joy, love, light, peace, certitude or any help for pain. He seems to be mocking Arnold's ideas of a last resort love to the woman in the poem. Here he compares the sea to religion as the sea is vast and deep just as religion which is extending. When the sea hits the land, the waves draw back the small pebbles.
Stanza 3: The Sea of Faith Was once, too, at the full, and round earth's shore Lay like the folds of a bright girdle furled. The sea is calm to-night. Second Stanza Sophocles long ago Heard it on the Ægean, and it brought Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow Of human misery; we Find also in the sound a thought, Hearing it by this distant northern sea. Dover Beach Summary and Analysis Stanza 1 The poem begins with the romantic tradition style i. The poet is mixing the natural happening with the human faith. Since he was appointed as a school inspector, he was a man of those days who had traveled the most across the Europe, and knew the society of provincial England better than nay other politician or author and this did help in his vision of writing. The main protagonist, a firefighter named Guy Montag, is commissioned to raid houses and destroy books in his community.
The poem also employs a lot of enjambment the poetic technique of leaving a sentence unfinished on one line, to continue and finish it on the next. Perhaps this is to over-analyse the poem; perhaps it is to mistake Matthew Arnold himself for his speaker, standing at the window, gazing out at Dover beach. Can't you just picture it? The moonlight spreads across the French coast to the English Channel and diminishes to the bay of England. The speaker has a fancy way of describing this rhythm of the ocean. People have lost their faith in God. To accomplish that end, the poem uses a lot of imagery and sensory information. That's a significant word to use in a poem of all things, where rhythm is so crucial to the reading experience.
We learn that the speaker is indoors in a room with a window. The diction Arnold uses creates a sense of peacefulness and calmness. No longer is the populous united by a common Christian faith in God by, as Arnold sees it, spread apart by new sciences and conflicting opinions. Since the light is being haggard towards the incontrovertible cliffs rather than the incoherent sea, it also depicts a light and dark imagery where the reader is inclined to prefer the secure, illuminated cliffs while scorning the shadowy, mysterious, and unpredictable sea. The wavest hit the rocks and this make a spray so he doesn't see the sea. The poet here creates a fearful picture of the underlying nakedness of the colourful modern world.
As the poem a progress, the reader sees why Arnold poses the question stated above, and why life seems to be the way it is. The moon shines bright and tides are calm even though they have the full potential. Yet the poem reads well because it is held together by a unity of sentiment. Some people have written longer comments. The two descriptive analogies are drawn from classical sources, but the unifying sentiment is romantic in its haunting pessimism and lack of faith.