How do we interpret, evaluate and analyze content in our world to discover our own thoughts and opinions? Additionally, students will put a question mark next to words, terms or references they are unfamiliar with, and return to them after the initial reading. As we decode the text and explore themes and characters central to the historical play, students will engage in a variety of activities that enable them to truly understand the differing perspectives that lead so many men to assassinate their leader and the turmoil that ensues. Decius uses flattery and persuasion to form a strong union with Caesar. As indicated in Appendix B, the side-by-side format allows students to respond to questions and be led through close textual analysis. Even the practicalities of the assassination rely on persuasion: as the appointed day approaches, the conspirator Decius is confident he can persuade Caesar to leave his house 2. How do they represent themselves with words to others? Plutarch cites that during the war in Alexandria Caesar: leaping into the sea, with great hazard saved himself by swimming. When Brutus joined the conspiracy against Caesar, he did it solely for….
He tells the people that allowing Caesar to rule and fulfill his ambition would mean the end of democracy and freedom in Rome. The repetition of calling the murderers honorable men makes a sense of sarcasm in the. He must persuade the crowd that has gathered that Caesar's murder was unjust, and turn them against Brutus and Cassius… 820 Words 4 Pages plethora of roles, ranging from lover, caretaker, and best friend. If any, speak; for him have I offended. Rhetoric in Shakespeare's Time: Literary Theory of Renaissance Europe. He had good intentions, however, he made one fatal mistake and that was his downfall.
In the play by William Shakespeare, this speech is made at the funeral of Caesar after he is killed by Brutus and the other conspirators. This shows Caesar as a man who is willing to set aside his priorities to please his wife. The stage is set with one strong military leader replacing another and conflict in the streets between men of status, the tribunes, and the plebeians, themes that may resonate with my students as we approach a heated Presidential election year. . Content Objectives My sophomores will have been introduced to Shakespeare in their freshman year through the text of Romeo and Juliet, so while the rigor of this unit is great, it is not their first encounter with the Bard. I do not like your faults.
Brutus, an honorable Roman and a very good friend of Caesar's, betrays Caesar by killing him for the good of Rome. The ability to win over the fickle plebeians who gather in the Forum will determine the events of the rest of the play, and it is Brutus and Antony who address them. He uses emotional appeal and rhetorical questions to stir up the Roman people. The play Julius Caesar, written by William Shakespeare depicts various members of Roman society conspiring to and eventually killing Julius Caesar; subsequently causing chaos to spread in Rome. Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Mark Antony ignites anger in the audience in and wins them over using rhetoric to prove himself. I want my students not only to become skilled at identifying rhetoric, but also to become proficient in using the art to strengthen their critical reading skills, speaking and writing. Another passage that may encourage interesting discourse is the reconciliation between the conspirators after they argue over funding the military venture. Shakespeare may have had the English monarchy in mind as he wrote of this hero of the Roman Republic, whose sanctioned authority was tragically undermined when he was assassinated, leading to instability in the Republic. Passages While we focus on each character, there are also many opportunities to explore the power of rhetoric through particular scenes.
A soothsayer warns Caesar about the Ides of March, although he chooses to ignore the warning. New York: Riverhead Books, 1998. This tragedy presents the epitome of jealousy, along with envy, greed, and avarice. Students will carefully read the text with a focus on characters and themes, using a variety of activities. Persuasion is used very effectively when Anthony addresses a speech to the citizens of Rome. At this point, Caesar utters the famous.
Educators are incessantly asking students to analyze a text, but what does that really mean? Manipulation is one of the many skills people use in order to ruse people into doing whatever they desire. This culminates in the reading of Caesar's will, which gives each citizen 75 drachmas and half of his orchards. In common with the Histories, however, concern over the throne, given that Queen Elizabeth was a female monarch with no progeny, is also a feature of Julius Caesar. A friendly eye could never see such faults. Brutus and Cassius… 1183 Words 5 Pages William Shakespeare's Julius Caesar There have been many rulers in history who have been betrayed by those they trust, but The Tragedy of Julius Caesar William Shakespeare,1959 still holds a special place in Western literature as one of the most enigmatic human beings to ever exist. Through this quote, Antony is asking the Plebeians to question whether or not they believe that Brutus actually had a sufficient reason to kill Caesar. Students may declare him to be superstitious and will find ample evidence in the text to support that claim, while others may interpret his choices as an attempt to honor his wife and his civic duty.
Rationale Demographics Oak Grove High School encompasses a population of just under two thousand students who represent diverse ethnicities as part of the East Side Union High School District. The content relating to his many military exploits and success as a general and politician is eliminated from the play as Shakespeare focuses on the end of his life and the turmoil that ensued after his murder. Thus Cicero, in his defense of Sextius, introduces his character in the following manner, with a design of recommending him to the favour of the judges: The first part of this sentence should be spoken in a soft high tone of voice, with an air of indifference, as if waving the advantages arising from his client's character; but the latter part assumes a lower and firmer tone, which greatly enforces and sets off the former. He presents a vivid depiction of how he once rescued Caesar when they were swimming in the River Tiber, and emphasises Caesar as the weaker man by comparison with an event from Roman history: I, as Aeneas, our great ancestor, Did from the flames of Troy upon his shoulder The old Anchises bear, so from the waves of Tiber Did I the tired Caesar. Students will ask themselves, who is the speaker and what personae they have created, with a focus on ethos. Through sharing Caesars' sympathetic nature towards the people of Rome, Antony makes the Plebeians feel that the conspirators had wrongfully murdered a good man.
These figures are often known by their original Greek or Latin names. Early on then, Shakespeare establishes rhetoric as the possession of the powerful, and as a means of controlling and influencing the behaviour of the commoners. Grappling with facts in an attempt to gain a perspective or synthesize ideas is a valuable mental exercise, and even if the students forget the facts, they retain the value of the intellectual struggle. The powerful rhetoric used in both of the speech are used to convey the people of Rome to take either Brutus's or Antony's side. Because of this love for Rome, Brutus uses rhetoric to persuade these plebeians to approve of him and his cause.
Socratic Seminar A Socratic seminar is a structured conversation between students that demands they use evidence from the text to support their assertions and interact utilizing a constructive model. It allows Brutus to build his case. Students will prepare for their role in the trial. Purpose is the implicit or explicit intention of the speaker. Style is the choice of appropriate rhetorical techniques and figures of speech and of the construction of the argument, and may include diction, grammar, rhythm and metaphor. He felt that Caesar was a threat, and too ambitious to be allowed as ruler. Shakespeare, William, and John D.