The rise of the extremism in the national movement was a reaction against the attempts of the Western reformists to reconstruct India in the image of the West. They understood the economic exploitative pattern of the Britishers since the from to the then period. You are yourself the great lubricants which enabled the gignantine machinery to work so smoothly. The modern political ideology like Nationalism, Democracy etc was forgotten by the Indian masses because of a long period of slavery. They had consistently worked for the development and consolidation of the idea of national unity irrespective of region, religion, or caste. Simple request and petitions would have taken India nowhere. Thirdly, the minority were given the right of vetoing Legislation.
Anything worthwhile is seldom achieved, unless it is backed up by willingness to make sacrifice. However, their policy of repression and hostility only served to make the Early Nationalists more powerful. The Extremist nationalists were totally opposed to these methods. Young members advocated the adoption of European revolutionary methods to counter British imperialism while mainstream Early Nationalists remained loyal to the crown, with their desire to regain self-government lacking conviction. The younger generation became convinced of the fact that a united fight by Indians will easily defeat British imperialism.
Nagpur Province was province of British India that covered parts of the present-day states of Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh, with Nagpur city being the capital. Sixthly, the imperialist policies followed by Lord Curzon during his viceroyalty from 1899-1905 gave a further fillip to the extremist movement in India. Ayerst were shot and killed by the Chapekar brothers. The Congress split into two parts-Moderates and Extremists in the year 1907 at the Surat Session of Congress, which was also popularly known as 'Surat Split'. The aristrocat and upper middle class come under moderates and the educated and lower middle class come under Extremists. Economic Critique of British Imperialism 2.
Foremost amongst the social revolutionaries of nineteenth century Maharashtra, Phule and his wife Savitribai, had advocated a radical restructuring of Hindu society on the basis of equality of caste, gender and creed. Comparison between Moderates and Extremist Leadership of Congress Basis Moderates Extremists Phase Period 1885-1905 1905-1920 Aim 1. On 31 December 1600, a group of merchants who had incorporated themselves into the East India Company were given monopoly privileges on all trade with the East Indies. Nationalist leaders like Ananda Charlu, R. He was also a member of the Indian National Association founded by Sir Surendranath Banerjee from Calcutta a few years before the founding of the Indian National Congress in Bombay, with the same objectives and practices. Gokhale 1907, 1908 Surat, Madras Rasbehari Ghosh 1909 Lahore M. In Mumbai, he met and discussed with the leaders, who were influential in the presidency, the program of political action to be adopted by the educated Indians.
They believe in the efficacy of peaceful and constitutional agitation. Secondly, the right of the minority to weight age was also conceded. Demands of extremists were aggressive. He saw the need for heavy industry for economic progress and believed in Western education as a vital element to the foundation of an Indian nation. The extremists too remained divided in their opinion regarding the methods of functioning. Secondly, as a result of the socio-religious reform movements of the late nineteenth century, a large number of young Congress leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lai Lajpat Rai, B. Surat Split, 1907 Ideological Differences Reason of Surat Split The rift between and Extremists started with the appointment of Arun Del Commission in 1905.
The British achieved political power in India. Following this, on 22 June 1897, Commissioner Rand and another British officer, Lt. During the early years, the moderates pleaded for introduction of policies, which would transform India economically, socially, and politically. Leadership of moderates had failed to deliver any fruit to India and so young nationalist leaders started to acquire dominant position gradually. They protested against child marriage and widowhood. This soon broke out into a revolt which assumed the dimensions of the 1857 Mutiny.
They invoked goddesses Kali or Durga for strength to fight for the motherland. It did not penetrate down to the masses. The main cause for rise of extremism in Indian politics can be attributed to the deteriorating economic condition of India under the British rule. Chiplunkar was particularly vitriolic in his criticism of Phule. They believed in purely constitutional methods and agitated for piecemeal reforms in the Indian administration system. They were radical in their approach.
The Moderates believed that the British basically wanted to be just to the Indians but were not aware of the real conditions. The nationalist movement in Egypt, Turkey and Persia also encouraged the Indians to wage more vigorous struggle. He was a disciple of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Support to revolutionary movements 7. In Madras the Pachaiappa National College was established. But the British loot us every day.
Shankaran Nair 1898 14th Chennai A. To educate the people, to arouse political consciousness, and to create powerful public opinion in favour of their demands they organised annual sessions. They encouraged , of now , and other pro-British individuals to start an anti-Early Nationalist movement. After his return he became a greater extremist. This was Surat Split of 1907. The Indian Mirror was the other contemporary of this paper which was very popular among the reading public.