When the Kaiser arrives, Baumer is disappointed to see that he is a short man with a thin voice; he also resents that the Kaiser claims that war is necessary. Kropp and Baumer are wounded when they are trying to evacuate a village. The fighting continues in the trenches throughout the summer. A soldier who had been one of Baumer's classmates. The men ignore and abuse him. Notes World War I was basically fought on land in trenches with both sides constructing intricate tunnels.
Month after month and year after year, this type of give and take continued between the Central Powers and the Allies. The trick works and both soldiers are placed in the hospital together. The Germans and Allies are again involved in a fierce battle that begins with an artillery bombardment, followed by an infantry attack. Baumer's intelligence and compassion are again seen in this chapter. The loss of his best friend is a devastating blow for Baumer.
It is Baumer, however, that truly captures the depression of this wartime generation: 'We were eighteen and had begun to love life and the world; and we had to shoot it to pieces. He is in a makeshift hospital and in great pain; Kropp bribes an orderly to give him morphine to make him more comfortable. Baumer must also have surgery, for his bones are not healing as expected. Notes Like Chapters 1, 3, and 5, this one again gives a picture of life away from the battlefield and serves as a bridge between two very negative chapters. He feels an urge to crusade against war and to spread the truth about its brutality and futility. Baumer again admits his misery in this chapter. Kemmerich is a boyish young man and schoolfriend of the narrator, Paul.
He is a young man with a wife and a farm at home; he is constantly homesick for his far and family. Paul Bäumer - A young German soldier fighting in the trenches during World War I. His boots were then given to Muller. Baumer's unit has been given the easy assignment of guarding a supply depot. Contained in the paragraphs is an epitaph written for Baumer, who was killed only one month before the Armistice.
It is also seen in the fact that only Baumer is by Kemmerich's side as he is dying. It also makes Baumer hunger for life himself; he wants to fight to go on living. While on patrol, Paul becomes separated from the others and fatally wounds Gérard Duval, a French soldier, in self-defense. He looks at the ground below him and sees it in a new way; he realizes that the earth is the soldier's best friend, who can either give him new life or take his life away. His interest in analyzing the causes of the war leads to many of the mosti criticatl antiwar sentiments in the novel. Once during the novel, Baumer goes home on leave, but the setting quickly reverts to the war front. First, the death intensifies his thoughts about the wastefulness of war; a nineteen-year-old friend lies dead for no valid reason.
After all, he was the one who talked them into joining the military. The setting weaves back and forth between the war front and the camp where Baumer stays. Though Müller would be delighted to have Kemmerich's boots, he is really quite as sympathetic as another who could not bear to think of such a thing for grief. Travelling by train, he sees lovely meadows, scenic farms, and happy children along the way; it is a stark contrast to the pictures of war given in the last chapter. Having witnessed her humiliating display of motherly affection when Franz departed for the front, Paul knows that she will not accept her son's death with grace.
He's scared and obviously sad and weeps in his last moments. The gathering is a lot of fun and a wonderful respite from the horrors of fighting; it also makes Baumer realize that the Allieds are not just faceless people. They tell him that his mother is in the hospital and will soon undergo an operation for her canter. It has its share of tension and death, and in the spirit of the , manages to convey a sense of desolation, hardship and waste. The chapter begins as new recruits arrive in camp.
His friend Detering literally throws in the towel. Kropp comments that the more insignificant the person is in civilian life, the more bull headed he becomes as an officer in the army. The enemy women are just ordinary humans, like he and his friends. Before Kemmerich died, Paul went to a doctor and asked him if he could help out Kemmerich, but the doctor refused to see him. As a result, every lighter chapter in the book is preceded and followed by one filled with the horror of death at the battlefront; as a result, the structure of the book enhances the main theme of the book, that war brings senseless destruction, followed by moral decay.