But as every coin has two sides, there are many disadvantages that cannot be overlooked. Better Sustaining Crops When it comes to genetic engineering with crops, there are quite a few different benefits to look at. Specific traits can be developed. Plus, you need to keep up in your field, so outside study is often needed. Expensive Adventure The amount of money that it takes to research, test, and perform genetic engineering is out of this world. Workers have used pesticides and herbicides to maximize yields.
It is possible to increase the average life span of an individual to 100-150 years. Discuss The development of genetic engineering has increased notably in the last few years. Animals can have their genetic profiles modified to reduce the risks of common health concerns that may affect the breed or species. Imagine a person who is virtually indestructible, may carry out crimes and becomes a danger to mankind. For instance, , a progressive and dangerous disease for which there is no known cure, could be completely cured with the help of selective genetic engineering.
Engineering generally requires a degree, and the degree programs generally require more than the minimum 120 semester hours, often 130 or more. Animals can also be genetically modified to improve production. As alluded to earlier, the transfer of genes across organisms is prone to high probabilities of failures. Somatic cell genetic engineering is done in many countries. By doing so, you will be well-informed about these foods and the way they can affect your life.
It could stop genetic diseases in humans. Not 100% Environmentally Friendly Though it is claimed by many experts that genetically modified foods are safe for the environment, they actually still contain several kinds of substances that are not yet proven to be such. Dolly the Sheep is credited as being the first mammal cloned from an adult somatic cell. If the researchers can find an efficient way to replace bad genes with the functioning copy of gene in the correct position. The completion of the Human Genome Project, in 2006, has given a major opening to medical companies, to carry out experiments and genetic tests using genetic engineering. New medicines are being made by changing the genetic structure of the plant cell.
Not only do we all get to eat healthier foods, but more people get to benefit from nutritionally dense foods when they are properly engineered. Some people support the investment in this field whereas others are against to. Some scientists believe that introducing genetically modified genes may have an irreversible effect with consequences yet unknown. Good genes are cloned into a viral vector, and then these vectors are passed into our body using gene gun method or other methods. Plants being cultivated can have built in pest repellents which help reduce the need for harmful chemicals and other pesticides that cause damage to the water supply Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering, 2014.
It makes agricultural practices much safer. We can just think of the technology as a vaccine for the species, except that it is encoded into their genes, rather than being shot into their immune system. Sometimes, this can cause side effects. Unfortunately, the production of genetically modified organisms is not going to stop while scientists test the safety of these crops and discover new production methods, so scientists need to work fast and governments need to establish strict regulations on these types of crops to control their use and prevent any future harm. Genetic engineers have turned into modern-day alchemists, who are searching for the ultimate elixir of life, to produce the genetically modified, perfect human. Before herbicides and pesticides were invented, workers spent countless hours in the fields, often without skin protection, removing threats by hand. There are a number of very real and very troubling concerns surrounding genetic engineering, although there are also some very real benefits to further genetic engineering and genetic research, too.
Genetic engineering has the potential to increase the life span of humans. It limits the amount of diversity that is available. Society an human evolution would change completely. Decreased Use of Pesticides It has been proven that genetically modified crops do not need pesticides to become stronger against various types of insects or pests that may destroy them. Nature is an extremely complex inter-related chain consisting of many species linked in the food chain. It can create an extended life.
Genetic engineering is defined as a set of technologies that are used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move the genes from one species to another to produce new organisms. There would be fewer competitors, which could increase the risk of oligopolies and food price increases. Pharmaceutical Benefits The extensive knowledge that would be gained from working directly with human genes would lead to much better, safer, and more effective medicines and drugs. Genetic engineering can create a natural resistance against certain pathogens for plants and animals, but the natural evolutionary process is geared toward creating pathways. But, one should always give a second thought to all the disadvantages listed.
Although, you may live free of diseases, you may have a fight for survival for securing the basic necessities. The research revealed the possibility of using pig organs as replacements for human hearts and kidneys, considering that they have similar physiology and size. As populations across the world grow and more lands are being utilized for housing instead of food production, farmers are prompted to grow crops in locations that are originally not suitable for plant cultivation, and culturing plants that can withstand high salt content in soil and groundwater, not to mention long periods of drought, will help them grow healthy crops. Scientists are experimenting with many different plants, but the genetic engineering of the tomato, dubbed Flavr Savr has been the most highly publicized project by far. A possible future benefit of genetic engineering which is very eagerly awaited is that a fetus with a genetic defect could be treated with genetic therapy even before it is born.
I can go on and on regarding the benefits of genetic engineering in humans, like end of hunger, no disease, cure for all ailments, long life, ageless beauty, super intelligent humans, etc. Genetic engineering is going to become a very mainstream part of our lives sooner or later, because there are so many possibilities advantages and disadvantages involved. In return, more food can be shipped to areas of the world where food insecurity is a major problem. An Unknown Path A sufficient amount of testing and research has not yet been done on the long term effects of genetic engineering. How Does Genetic Engineering Work? Decreased Antibiotic Efficacy According to the Iowa State University, some genetically modified foods have antibiotic features that are built into them, making them resistant or immune to viruses or diseases or viruses.