McCarthyism and The Crucible contain many similarities and differences in their persecution and accusation of people who are identified as criminals of their societies. The Crucible: Those who are accused are assumed guilty, put on trial, expected to confess, and expected to accuse others of being witches. Most of Miller's plays are set in contemporary America and on the whole offer a realistic portrayal of life and society and the theme of self-realization is re-current e. It was named after the American Secretary of State Frank B. He named the book The Crucible because of the words many meanings. Arthur Miller uses allegory in his play, The Crucible, to show the similarities between the Salem witch trials and the Red Scare.
If a person was suspected of even associating with communists, they were shunned from society and in many cases. These two events can be connected in many ways; for. No matter how it is defined, it is a tragic event. The literature was Arthur Miller's response to McCarthyism and the Red Scare. Although 'Vinegar Tom' was written about the 17th century, the ideas parallel those of the issues of the 1970's. The Crucible was seen as a metaphor for a modern day witch hunt in the McCarthy time period. So when a person was asked if they were a witch and they said no then the townspeople said they were lying and would hang them.
These notes will be used to write the final compare and contrast essay. Betty Parris became ill mostly likely with convulsive ergotism from eating too much infected rye Linder. Nathanial Hawthorne wrote The Scarlett Letter … about an adultrous living in a puritan town who had to wear a red letter 'A' on her arm after her release from prison where she had served time for adultery. People who were accused were urged to confess even if they were innocent. The Kellogg-Briand Pact was an agreement to outlaw war and it was signed on August 27, 1928. During this time Senator Joseph McCarthy accused numerous American citizens of being communists based on little to no evidence. The manner of the interrogations is extremely similar in both situations.
In McCarthy's interrogations, everyone is treated roughly in the same manner and accused wrongfully. Senator McCarthy, a corrupt senator who rose to power in the American legal system, was signified by Abigail Williams, a local teenager. The Witch Trials: In addition to the similarities between McCarthyism and The Crucible already discussed, the trials symbolize the effect of intolerance, extremism, and hatred. It was called the McCarthy era. Hale having such a great change in opinion demonstrates the true dysfunction and chaos of Salem. Communists within society and political organizations caused great fear as it meant communists held more power than it seems and that communists from within the society could overpower and spread their views.
Joan and Antigone I shall be comparing the following three plays: The Crucible, St. Senator McCarthy was placed at the head of the House Un-American Activities Committee, the objective of which was to uncover all communist sympathizers of the time. The Crucible is a play in which Arthur Miller writes about the tendentious, hysterical event of the Salem witch trials that occurred in Salem, Massachusetts during 1692. The Red Scare - Dawn of Hysteria In the 1690s, mass hysteria overcame Salem, Massachusetts. Arthur Miller, Daniel Day-Lewis, Elizabeth Proctor 996 Words 3 Pages The novel, The Crucible was written in 1953 by Arthur Miller, which was based on the Salem Witch Trials existing in the late 1600s. This was a time of fear after the Second World War in the years 1950 through 1954.
In The Crucible, belonging is explored through a theme of persecution, whereby one must conform to the rules of society in order to belong. In The Crucible, the doll as well as Rebecca Nurse symbolizes the transformation of good to evil: dolls, in a normal society, represent childhood innocence and bring happiness. In both cases, anybody could be accused of being a communist or witch, with little to no evidence. McCarthyism was associated with the period in the United Sates also known as the Second Red Scare. Both events in history contain extremely similar circumstances, including the accusation of one person leading to a mass hysteria enveloping a society to be overly suspicious of their fellow people. John Proctor, Joseph McCarthy, McCarthyism 1677 Words 5 Pages The Crucible and McCarthyism Arthur Miller lived through the Red Scare, also known as McCarthyism. Â§ Additional penalties were included for the refusal to perform military duty.
These two historical events are linked by several commonalities: a lack of intelligent discussion, public hysteria, threats, fear and finally, the presumption of guilt rather than innocence. This event in history may be associated with the Red Scare, in which individuals were tried for their questionable influences of communism in the United States. They were almost always put to death. McCarthyism had a profound effect upon the American society, much as the witch trials did upon the people of Salem, Massachusetts in the 1600's recounted in Arthur Miller's The Crucible. In only 146 pages, Miller told us the stories of the lives of John Proctor, Elizabeth Proctor, Abigail Williams and others during the 1692 Witch Trials in Salem Massachusetts. He'll lay in jail if I give his name! Eisenhower 427 Words 2 Pages.
Miller published this play in 1953, after feeling the effects of McCarthyism during the 1950s and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Joseph McCarthy started doing trials on those he thought were communist, but he had no evidence for it. The connection between The Crucible and the McCarthy Hearings is not an isolated one, but can also be made with other historical and current events that are happening today. He also stated that he himself knew of 57 communists in the department and called for an investigation. Withers began publishing professionally in 2007.
The reason that Mary Warren's statement expresses that he is working with the devil is that the court and church are as one. This powerful threat turned out to be Communism and it was greatly feared by almost every U. Both accusations were applied to anyone that was an enemy or seen as a threat, most accusations were false and irrelevant. The characters like Abigail Williams and John Proctor both knew the risks of going against. Murrow, Joseph McCarthy, McCarthyism 1719 Words 5 Pages re-establish his respectable reputation. It is, in fact, about Mccarthy and the people during this time, but to keep it hidden, he used the comparison of the two events.
McCarthyism left its mark on the United States government and its people. Both movements targeted individuals on the basis of shaky testimony provided by their colleagues. There are many different examples of this, but one example is the blatant similarities between the witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts and the era of McCarthyism. . In Salem, dolls represent evil.