Positive, negative, monetary, non-monetary incentives may be used for this purpose. And whenever two or more people are required to work together, management is necessary. He is the spokesperson of management as well as worker. Besides issuing orders and instructions, every manager provides guidance and inspiration to his subordinates. In general, planning can be strategic planning, tactical planning, or contingency planning. This helps in clarifications, easy adaptions and smooth running of an enterprise. This form of motivation has been studied by social and educational psychologists since the early 1970s.
Depending upon the need of the situation, a manager may issue written orders or oral orders. This will result in Higher productivity, High Morale of Workers, Satisfying working condition, Improving human relations, Higher Profits, and High Stability10. Balance in the Organisation: Directing helps in establishing cooperation and commitment among the people. Also, the food will either be nicer after it is cooked, or it won't be edible at all before it is cooked. In a similar manner, direction helps the subordinates to perform in best of their abilities and that too in a healthy environment.
Without a solid objective created by virtue of plans a business will not be able to scrutinize where it went wrong and thus will not be able to take corrective action to ensure success. Aims, objectives and plans of the organization by each individual manager. Therefore, it is rightly said that direction is the essence of the management process. The changes in an environment can be managed easily through effective communication. Hence, a manager can utilize all the four traits within himself in order to uphold the standards of performance of an organization. It is subject to change according to the dynamics that exist in the business environment. Communication refers to the process by which a person known as sender transmits information or messages to another person known as receiver.
A manager never ceases to guide, inspire and supervise his subordinates. Management of human element Directing is concerned with the members of an organization. Still, these alternatives are not necessarily the obvious ones and the managers would need to discover creative options. Intrinsic motivation Intrinsic motivation occurs when people engage in an activity, such as a hobby, without obvious external incentives. Since this is the last stage, there are bound to be some irregularities and complexity within the organization. A classic example of a poorly specified goal is to get the highest possible grade. The subordinates must correctly understand the message conveyed to them.
Cognitive dissonance theory Suggested by Leon Festinger, this occurs when an individual experiences some degree of discomfort resulting from an incompatibility between two cognitions. It involves the predicting of the future as well as attempting to control the events. Controlling is often considered as an extension of the process of planning because of the interdependence of controlling on planning and vice versa. The advantage of this will be that if there is any problem in implementing a policy or a direction it can be removed then and there. Thus it makes a business goal oriented. Cognitive theories Goal-setting theory Goal-setting theory is based on the notion that individuals sometimes have a drive to reach a clearly defined end state.
This can be brought upon by the managers with the help of four tools or elements of direction function — judicious blend of persuasive leadership, effective communication, strict supervision and efficient motivation. If the employee whose job is to show the products does not behave properly with the customers, this will turn the effort of all other employees to be a mere waste. This involves providing proper sitting place, ventilation, lighting, water facilities etc. To define management in the business world, it is the organization of activities of a company to reach defined objectives. Therefore, it is rightly said that direction is essence of management process. The techniques used are to be suitable to the superior, the subordinates and the situation.
Individual objectives of employees should not clash with the organisational objectives. Stability is very important since that is an index of growth of an enterprise. This all helps in increasing productivity. Pervasive Function - Directing is required at all levels of organization. Every manager provides guidance and inspiration to his subordinates.
If he is made accountable to two bosses simultaneously, there will be confusion, conflict, disorder and indiscipline in the organization. Physiological and safety, the lower order needs, are placed in the existence category, while love and self esteem needs are placed in the relatedness category. Motivation is classified under two broad categories; financial and non-financial. He has to perform this role in order to build good relations and co-operation from workers. Connecting function Planning, organizing and are only preparations that are made by an organization for performing certain predetermined operations. Therefore, whenever possible direct supervision is to be used.
Importance of Effective Directing A key element in the process of management is directing. Some workers damage more equipment than others do because they harbour unconscious feelins of aggression toward authority figures. The controlling function involves: a. When a written order is given, it forces the manager to give serious thought to the issue and can also be transmitted to all connected parties simultaneously. The following lists the importance of planning for any business enterprise: Creation of Goals Planning involves the process of creating realistic goals to be achieved. These standards are levels of performance that should be met. It gives more definite ways of achieving the objectives of the organization.
Faulty communication creates problems due to misunderstanding between the superior and subordinates. Directing has the following principles which make the directing function effective in the organization. Continuous function Directing is the essence of the practice of management. Subsequently, wastage reduces, efficiency increases and costs decline. Leaders tend to be more strategic: they must become problem solvers able to see the big picture while also identifying specific things that affect overall success.