Queen Victoria became Queen in 1837 shortly after her 18th birthday. © Paul Halsall, October 1998. As punishment, he was exiled to the remote region in. We trace the crime of those barbarians who through the years have been selling opium, then the deep harm they have wrought and the great profit they have usurped should fundamentally justify their execution according to law. Take tea and rhubarb, for example; the foreign countries cannot get along for a single day without them. Were China to concern herself only with her own advantage without showing any regard for other people's welfare, how could foreigners continue to live? We trace the crime of those barbarians who through the years have been selling opium, then the deep harm they have wrought and the great profit they have usurped should fundamentally justify their execution according to law.
He rose rapidly through various grades of provincial service. While in Xinjiang, Lin was the first Chinese scholar to record several aspects of Muslim culture there. In these possessions the English people not only plant opium poppies that stretch from one mountain to another but also open factories to manufacture this terrible drug. As for the barbarian merchants who come to China, their food and drink and habitation, all received by the gracious favor of our Celestial Court. Anyone who dares again attempt to plant and manufacture opium should be severely punished. The novel takes place in 1838—1839, during which time Lin arrived in Canton and tensions escalated between the foreigners and the Chinese officials.
After receiving this dispatch will you immediately give us a prompt reply regarding the details and circumstances of your cutting off the opium traffic. Moreover, you will enjoy a long life and be rewarded with a multitude of children and grandchildren! After receiving this dispatch will you immediately give us a prompt reply regarding the details and circumstances of your cutting off the opium traffic. Only because the trading ships are numerous, heretofore perhaps they have not been examined with care. Let us suppose that foreigners came from another country, and brought opium into England, and seduced the people of your country to smoke it, would not you, the sovereign of the said country, look upon such a procedure with anger, and in your just indignation endeavor to get rid of it? This will really be a great, benevolent government policy that will increase the common weal and get rid of evil. After receiving this dispatch will you immediately give us a prompt reply regarding the details and circumstances of your cutting off the opium traffic. Now, out of the wealth of our Inner Land, if we take a part to bestow upon foreigners from afar, it follows, that the immense wealth which the said foreigners amass, ought properly speaking to be portion of our own native Chinese people.
I have one of these coins, that i why i am a billionare. Millions of Chinese were addicted to opium. She oversaw vast changes in British society and gave her name to an age. Even if you do not sell opium, you still have this threefold profit. Moreover, we have heard that in London the metropolis where you dwell, as also in Scotland, Ireland, and other such places, no opium whatever is produced. Such persons who only care to profit themselves, and disregard their harm to others, are not tolerated by the laws of heaven and are unanimoly hated by human beings.
Three films have been made on his role in the Opium Wars such that he is now one of the symbols of modern China's resistance to European. They must by no means try to test the effectiveness of the law with their lives. After the Indian Mutiny in 1857, the government of India was transferred from the East India Company to the Crown and in 1877, Victoria became Empress of India. Therefore it is that those foreigners who now import opium into the Central Land are condemned to be beheaded and strangled by the new statute, and this explains what we said at the beginning about plucking up the tree of evil, wherever it takes root, for the benefit of all nations. If you adopt this policy of love so as to produce good and exterminate evil, Heaven will protect you, and gods will bring you good fortune. If the foreign merchants of your said honorable nation desire to continue their commercial intercourse, they then must tremblingly obey our recorded statutes, they must cut off for ever the source from which the opium flows, and on no account make an experiment of our laws in their own persons! We have further learned that in London, the capital of your honorable rule, and in Scotland, Ireland, and other places, originally no opium has been produced.
If, however, the appointed term shall have expired, and there are still persons who continue to bring it, then such shall be accounted as knowingly violating the laws, and shall most assuredly be put to death! May you, O King, check your wicked and sift your wicked people before they come to China, in order to guarantee the peace of your nation, to show further the sincerity of your politeness and submissiveness, and to let the two countries enjoy together the blessings of peace How fortunate, how fortunate indeed! Only in several places of India under your control such as Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Patna, Benares, and Malwa has opium been planted from hill to hill, and ponds h ave been opened for its manufacture. Although opium was used in China for centuries, it was not until the opening of the tea trade to Dutch and British merchants that China was able to import large quantities of the drug. He was frank in demanding an end to the barbarian's the British drug dealing. Her father was Edward, Duke of Kent and while several Aunts and Uncles of hers were still alive at the time as the daughter of Edward 5th child of 15 and oldest … surviving son she took pecedence over them. That is to say, the great profit made by barbarians is all taken from the rightful share of China.
We have heard heretofore that your honorable ruler is kind and benevolent. Consequently there are those who smuggle opium to seduce the Chinese people and so cause the spread of the poison to all provinces. In 1866 Bismarck launched the Austro-Prussian War which promoted nationalism, and gave Germans a common purpose with the intent of expelling Austria from German politics. Of all that China exports to foreign countries, there is not a single thing which is not beneficial to peo ple: they are of benefit when eaten, or of benefit when used, or of benefit when resold: all are beneficial. The fact that British ships have continued to bring opium to China results perhaps from the impossibility of making a thorough inspection of all of them owing to their large numbers.
For months and years wark is continued in order to accumulate the poison. This will really be a great, benevolent government policy that will increase the common weal and get rid of evil. Even if you do not sell opium, you still have this threefold profit. I am pleased to learn that you, as the ruler of your honorable country, are thoroughly familiar with the principle of righteousness and are grateful for the favor that His Majesty the Emperor has bestowed upon your subjects. Our purpose is to eliminate this poison once and for all and to the benefit of all mankind. Now we, the commissioner and.
She used drugs frequently and just abused her powers as queen. Since it is not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be passed on to the harm of other countries -- how much less to China! Naturally you would not wish to give unto others what you yourself do not want. The text has been modernized by Prof. But as for him who again knowingly violates the laws, difficult indeed will it be thus to go on repeatedly pardoning! If China cuts off these benefits with no sympathy for those who are to suffer, then what can the barbarians rely upon to keep themselves alive? Queen Victoria was the longest reigning British monarch and the figurehead of a vast empire. The barbarian merchants of your country, if they wish to do business for a prolonged period, are required to obey our statues respectfully and to cut off permanently the source of opium. You, I hope, will certainly agree that people who pursue material gains to the great detriment of the welfare of others can be neither tolerated by Heaven nor endured by men.
Nevertheless, our Celestial Court lets tea, silk, and other goods be shipped without limit and circulated everywhere without begrudging it in the slightest. What more complete felicity than this! Therefore in the new regulations, in regard to those barbarians who bring opium to China, the penalty is fixed at decapitation or strangulation. Therefore he especialiy prornulgates these fixed regulations. Since this profit is realized in China and is in fact taken away from the Chinese people, how can foreigners return injury for the benefit they have received by sending this poison to harm their benefactors? There are those which serve for food, those which are useful, and those which are calculated for re-sale; but all are beneficial. The Document His Majesty the Emperor comforts and cherishes foreigners as well as Chinese: he loves all the people in the world without discrimination.