How fine the air -- a temperate sharpness about it. For Romantic poets who are known for their extraordinary sensitivity to natural moods the period of fall becomes a great force for poetic creativity. Find the words that contain these letters; read them aloud and listen. Each stanza integrates suggestions of its opposite or its predecessors, for they are inherent in autumn also. It is overly lyrical and has a rhythmic device, generally common to all three stanzas, with the exception of the first stanza. Woman as erotic object has been banished from this placid landscape. His father was a livery-stable owner, however he was killed in a riding accident when Keats was only nine and his mother died six years later of tuberculosis.
Notice that Keats describes a reaper who is not harvesting and who is not turning the press. Keats indulges in the pathetic fallacy to strike the melancholy note the gnats are mourning! John Keats was an English poet who became one of the most important Romantic poets. It is always not yet winter. Line 11, o'er: poetic form of over; thus the cells are overfilled. We may clearly sight a halt in the activity of autumn.
Really, without joking, chaste weather—Dian skies—I never liked stubble-fields so much as now—Aye better than the chilly green of the Spring. But the question has to be asked - Can a poem written by a leading poet be totally immune to the social, political and cultural environment it is born in to at that time? The work was composed on 19 September 1819 and published in 1820 in a volume of Keats's poetry that included and. Because this ode describes the process of fruition and decay in autumn, keep in mind the passage of time as you read it. In the next stanza autumn is growing overripe and is lazy with the heaviness of its job. Where are the songs of spring? Keats also alludes to a certain unpleasantness connected to Autumn, and links it to a time of death. The clammy cells are overflowing with sweet honey. In the final stanza, autumn is seen as a musician, and the music which autumn produces is as pleasant as the music of spring — the sounds of gnats, lambs, crickets, robins and swallows.
It is noteworthy that To Autumn is the only major poem of Keats that is completely unsexual. Mellow fruitfulness — ripe fruit; growth of ripe fruits. The four distinct seasons, with all their sensuous variety, are one forward motion whose end is always death. Whoever seeks — one must seek fir her in the open world outside to find autumn. Since the poet has personified autumn, hence, we may even see her as a harvester working in the fields, storing the harvest and oozing at some half reaped furrow. Ode to Autumn by John Keats: Summary and Analysis In this poem Keats describes the season of Autumn. The bees think as if the summer would never end and warm days would continue for a long time.
If you do it means that the work worths the efforts spent. I never liked stubble-fields so much as now -- aye, better than chilly green of the Spring. Thus, in the letter that he wrote to Reynolds, Keats also included a note saying that he abandoned his long poem. However, it is quite evident that after the harvest it is the time for entry of winter while autumn must leave. Winter on the other hand is cold and hard but also the time of feasts like Christmas — a time which brings whole families together for a while. It is the fate of any creation.
The Autumn is like an onlooker sitting the juicy oozing for hours. Line 6, sallows: member of willow family. The flow of sibilant sounds in lines 9-11 create an easy, flowing rhythm, however the reader does get the sense that Keats is building up to something grand. The ode is an address to the season. Line 10, cider-press: apparatus that squeezes apples to make cider. In the third stanza, the speaker tells Autumn not to wonder where the songs of spring have gone, but instead to listen to her own music. Stanza 1 There is no doubt that personification is at work in this wonderfully balanced ode.
I will tell all the miracles you have done. All of the sights and sounds produce a veritable symphony of beauty. Besides the bleat of the lambs returning from the grassy hills is heard. John Keats: His Life and Poetry. The poem celebrates autumn as a season of abundance, a season of reflection, a season of preparation for the winter, and a season worthy of admiration with comparison to what romantic poetry often focuses upon - the spring. Composed after an evening walk near Winchester, it is also one of the last poems that Keats ever wrote: his money fast running out, he devoted himself to travel, and just over a year later, died in Rome. Gnats wail and lambs bleat in the dusk.
The work marks the end of his poetic career, as he needed to earn money and could no longer devote himself to the lifestyle of a poet. To Autumn is a modified ode, 33 lines split into 3 stanzas each eleven lines long. As the poem progresses, Autumn is represented as one who conspires, who ripens fruit, who harvests, who makes music. Keats felt his poetry should effect the readers emotions, and only great poetry could move the reader to the point of enjoyment. They collect honey from them. Firstly, there is no flight from reality, or deviation into imagination or dream, in fact there is no narrative voice at all.