What resistance could be made? Nay, sir, there is another alternative to which I would consent; — even that they should strike us out of the Union, and take away from us all federal privileges, till we comply with federal requisitions: but let it depend upon our own pleasure to pay our money in the most easy manner for our people. He ought to obtain right and justice freely, without sale, completely and without denial, promptly and without delay; and that all establishments or regulations contravening these rights are oppressive and unjust. Are we disposed to be of the number of those who, having eyes, see not, and having ears, hear not, the things which so nearly concern their temporal salvation? John's Church in Richmond, Virginia. He positions himself as a Christian fighting for God. Both characters play quite important parts in the play, but their characters are quite simple and plain. To suppose that any form of government will secure liberty or happiness without any virtue in the people, is a chimerical idea. Such speeches within these walls, from a character so venerable and estimable, easily progress into overt acts, among the less thinking and the vicious.
Other gentlemen have told us, within these walls, that the union is gone, or that the union will be gone. A standing army we shall have, also, to execute the execrable commands of tyranny; and how are you to punish them? Take longer time in reckoning things; revolutions like this have happened in almost every country in Europe; similar examples are to be found in ancient Greece and ancient Rome — instances of the people losing their liberty by their own carelessness and the ambition of a few. Who are those eight adopting states? Let us consider the consequence of this. This illustrates that involvement in a war will definitely happen. They were afraid of war, and of change.
And judging by the past, I wish to know what there has been in the conduct of the British ministry for the last ten years, to justify those hopes with which gentlemen have been pleased to solace themselves and the House? The question turns, Sir, on that poor little thing-the expression, We, the people, instead of the States, of America. Yet I must say, at the same time, that it was made on grounds the most pure, and perhaps I might have been brought to consent to it so far as to the change of Government; but there is one thing in it which I never would acquiesce in. What is it that gentlemen wish? This government is not a Virginian, but an American government. In England they have five hundred and fifty—eight. Provided, that no amendment which may be made prior to the year 1808, shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. Methods can include deciding to use formal language, what kinds of rhetorical persuasion will work best, or even what tone will be most effective. The colonists were adept hunters and knew how to survive off the land.
The army is in his hands, and if he be a man of address, it will be attached to him, and it will be the subject of long meditation with him to seize the first auspicious moment to accomplish his design; and, sir, will the American spirit solely relieve you when this happens? Repetition is one of the stronger designs that Patrick uses to help stress the importance of taking on this battle now rather than waiting and being to late to defend what is theirs. . Within this quote, he appeals to authority. A particular knowledge of particular districts will not suffice. Two-thirds of the Congress, or, of the State Legislatures, are necessary even to propose amendments: If one-third of these be unworthy men, they may prevent the application for amendments; but what is destructive and mischievous, is, that three-fourths of the State Legislatures, or of the State Conventions, must concur in the amendments when proposed: In such numerous bodies, there must necessarily be some designing bad men: To suppose that so large a number as three-fourths of the States will concur, is to suppose that they will possess genius, intelligence, and integrity, approaching to miraculous. That no soldier in time of peace ought to be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, and in time of war in such manner only as the law directs.
Students can then identify and analyze the effectiveness of these strategies in a work of literature, a speech, or a letter. The suggestion of the siren is a mythical allusion to the Odyssey metaphorically comparing how the British are giving the colonies false hope to how Circe lures men to her island, giving them false hope and then transforms them into pigs. I think government necessary to protect liberty. Show me an instance where the people have exercised this business. The British terrorized innocent people of America, even killed men, women, and children. The first 10 Amendments to the United States Constitution, known collectively as the Bill of Rights, protected individual liberties and placed limits on the powers of the federal government. It has required the most constant vigilance of the legislature to keep them from totally ruining the people; a repeated succession of laws has been made to suppress their iniquitous speculations and cruel extortions; and as often has their nefarious ingenuity devised methods of evading the force of those laws: in the struggle they have generally triumphed over the legislature.
This, therefore, ought to depend on the consent of the legislatures, the people having never sent delegates to make any proposition for changing the government. Is it worthy of that manly fortitude that ought to characterize republicans? Shall we acquire the means of effectual resistance by lying supinely on our backs and hugging the delusive phantom of hope, until our enemies shall have bound us hand and foot? I trust, sir, our political hemisphere will ever direct their operations to the security of those objects. And what have we to oppose to them? The attempt would be madness. Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? That no person shall be capable of being President of the United States for more than eight years in any term of sixteen years. That the people have a right to keep and bear arms; that a well-regulated militia, composed of the body of the people trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defence of a free state; that standing armies, in time of peace, are dangerous to liberty, and therefore ought to be avoided, as far as the circumstances and protection of the community will admit; and that, in all cases, the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power. On examination, you will find this very judiciary oppressively constructed; your jury trial destroyed, and the judges dependent on Congress. Besides, sir, we shall not fight our battles alone.
But, whatever be the opinion of that illustrious citizen, considerations of personal delicacy should dissuade us from introducing it here. In civil cases gone-not sufficiently secured in criminal-this best privilege is gone: But we are told that we need not fear; because those in power, being our Representatives, will not abuse the power we put in their hands: I am not well versed in history, but I will submit to your recollection, whether liberty has been destroyed most often by the licentiousness of the people, or by the tyranny of rulers? Henry and other Anti-Federalists opposed the ratification of the 1787 United States , which created a strong federal government. If the other states who have adopted it have not been tricked, still they were too much hurried into its adoption. I may be told that it is safe to err on that side, because such regulations may be made by Congress as shall restrain these officers, and because laws are made by our representatives, and judged by righteous judges: but, sir, as these regulations may be made, so they may not; and many reasons there are to induce a belief that they will not. Has there been a single tumult in Virginia? Trust it not, sir; it will prove a snare to your feet. If we admit this Consolidated Government it will be because we like a great splendid one.
Guard with jealous attention the public liberty. He favors adoption with amendments. With respect to the judiciary, my grand objection is, that it will interfere with the state judiciaries. Should it be oppressive, their affections will be totally estranged from it; and, sir, you know that a government, without their affections, can neither be durable nor happy. He used many different methods to compose this into being and effective speech. Your arms, wherewith you could defend yourselves, are gone; and you have no longer an aristocratical, no longer a democratical spirit. John's Church, Richmond, Virginia March 23, 1775.
I declare that if twelve states and a half had adopted it, I would, with manly firmness, and in spite of an erring world, reject it. Ministers of the in Virginia were paid their annual salaries in tobacco. When the Congress shall lay direct taxes or excises, they shall immediately inform the executive power of each state, of the quota of such state, according to the census herein directed, which is proposed to be thereby raised; and if the legislature of any state shall pass a law which shall be effectual for raising such quota at the time required by Congress, the taxes and excises laid by Congress shall not be collected in such state. I know of no way of judging of the future but by the past. If this were a reasonable supposition, their objections would be good.