Sparta social structure. Sparta 2019-01-21

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Ancient Spartan Hierarchy

sparta social structure

So you can imagine why the Spartans were the most feared in battle; the whole damn country was an armed camp to the max designed to keep the Helots subjugated. A large about Sparta compiled by Prof. In fact, the Spartans were also rigorously trained in logic and philosophy. Men were taught, through the agoge education system harsh training and self reliance that would later be necessary when they began their lives as an adult Spartiate. Many laws and customs were designed to keep Spartans focused on military preparedness. While the two great city states of Ancient Greece had a number of differences, they were also similar in certain ways. There are known to have been some occasions in which any Helot with enough money was allowed to purchase their freedom from the state.

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What was Spartas social structure

sparta social structure

Views on Land Ownership While some of the Spartan citizens have quite small properties, others have very large ones; hence the land has passed into the hands of a few. Spartan women enjoyed much more freedom then women from the other polis Greek city states. They were often seen as the patrons of athletic contexts. Their main job was to supply their Spartiate with a fixed amount of whatever needs. The Spartans claimed to be the , descendants of the semi-legendary conquerors of Greece. However many kings used their highly visible position and traditional prestige to make themselves pre-eminent. The Spartan government followed the principle that every citizen of the state has to live for the state and their life completely belongs to the state.

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Spartan Social Structure

sparta social structure

The Spartans had two ruling houses the , each of whose eldest male in the direct line was a βασιλεύς Basileus or 'king', although even in classical times it was known as a very old title that was otherwise obsolete in the Greek world. Sometimes killed by the Krypteia to keep them under control. Education was compulsory for the men. A king could be a vassal of an emperor, and so was not always an independent monarch. Social roles are learned from a culture, which defines how they should be performed. Relations between the helots and Spartans were hostile.


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What was Spartas social structure

sparta social structure

Women of Athens and Sparta Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. Whatever this master commands, they do: and his command never varies: it is never to retreat in battle, however great the odds, but always to stand firm, and to conquer or die. They served in the military, led the military and ran Sparta. From a very young age boys were always encouraged and pressured to conform and when they did they built up a more trusting relationship with the other boys and men. While we have lots of additional information on the helot class its worth explaining their place in the social rankings of the Spartan society. The perioeci were foreigners that divided the Spartiate and helots. But the women realized they had the Duty to Breed for the State so they strived mightily to do what it took to keep the Citizenry populated despite said difficulties.

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What was Spartas social structure

sparta social structure

This is one goal that many Greek city-states strived for but could never reach. The Helots farmed plots and they paid as rent a large fraction of their harvest to the owners. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Later at the start of the 5th Century Sparta would play an important role in the Persian wars, where the states of Greece would go to war against an invading and powerful Persian army. This strong cultural bias has led to the enactment of anti-nepotism laws for government jobs. At Karneia, split into 9 phratriai.

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HSC Ancient History Part 2: Ancient Societies

sparta social structure

They legally had parents and children. Helos was south of Sparta, but due to Sparta's growing population, Sparta began to expand its territory when they came to a village Helos. Problems may result if the demands of one role interfere with those of another. Government Differences While similar in that both cities utilized an assembly elected by the people, the two cultures also had some key differences in the form of governments they used. Since birth, Spartan men and women were inculcated with a mentality developed from the necessity to comply with a militaristic way of life. Thus the cult of Apollo may have symbolically killed Hyakinthos, but allowed him to live in a new mythic form.

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legendofsafety.com

sparta social structure

It could be said that some even loved battle itself. This militaristic influence impacted greatly on Spartan education, essentially aiming to mass produce the perfect solider. An open order phalanx had a gap between each man of about 1. They were unsuited to being seals but the presence of a hole in their base suggests they might have been used as pendants. They would rely solely on helots slaves , who would manage their farm and provide them with food supplies.


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Athens vs Sparta

sparta social structure

Known for their good treatment of their helots, their ahead of its time equality towards women, and of course for the famous battle of Thermoplylae, the Spartans would not back down to any man or ruler, they would fight for their state, and they did on many occasion with skill and controlled violence. This combination of Status and Roles is very important in sociology. Many of these were of female figurines representing goddesses, sometimes with animals such as lions or horses. This was the class of slaves who were decedents of the people who spoke against the Spartan tradition and refused to subjugate to the laws created by the rulers. The class structure of ancient Sparta is just another reason that makes this ancient state so interesting.

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