The aims and goal of the Democrats with the Compromise of 1877 was to ensure that the federal troops that were propping up Republican state governments in Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana would be removed bringing Reconstruction to a formal end. His final popular vote tally would be 4,288,546. In February of 1877, prominent Ohio Republicans and powerful southern Democrats struck a bargain. Too Close to Call Early election returns showed Tilden would score a victory. Beyond the departure of federal troops from the South, these included adding at least one southern Democrat into Hayes's administration, the construction of a transcontinental railroad in the South, and forming to help spur southern industrial growth. During the 1876 election, there ensued a fight between the Republican Rutherford Birchard Hayes and the Democrat Samuel Tilden where Tilden had won the popular vote but three Republican states had some disputes and the winner was challenged. After a second ballot Tilden secured the nomination, and Hendricks was chosen as his running mate.
Somehow the federal government would have to determine which results were legitimate and who had won the presidential election. Hayes, would become the next president. As it turned out, however, the actual membership turned out to consist of eight Republicans and seven Democrats. Southern states rapidly passed laws disenfranchising African Americans and implementing racial segregation. As soon as the troops won over the Southern territories, reconstructed governments were set up in these states by President Abraham Lincoln. White Southerners generally despised these troops, and wanted an end to the intervention of the federal government in the South. The Electoral College controversy would drag on for months, not reaching resolution until almost the eve of the scheduled inauguration on March 5, 1877.
Hayes against Democrat Samuel Tilden. What made the Compromise of 1877 unique was that it took place after the Civil War and was thus an attempt to prevent a second outbreak of violence. What complicated the matter was that Democrats in these states had won the state elections, mostly by violence and fraud. The non-partisan Western Associated Press, to which belonged all the important newspapers of the Mississippi Valley, South and North, conducted negotiations between the two parties. Hayes as the next president. Tilden of New York won 247,448 more popular votes than Republican Rutherford B.
Rather, the two parties in conflict came to certain mutually agreeable terms that they thought were in the best interest of their respective parties. In February of 1877, the Senate and the House met to settle the dispute, and eventually, Hayes became president as a part of the rest of the Compromise of 1877. Major Events in Election of 1876 Event Results Corruption U. In fact, three southern states - Louisiana, Florida, and South Carolina - sent in disputed returns. Eight of the commissioners were Republicans and seven commissioners were Democrats.
There appeared to be two sets of returns from each of three Southern states Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina and the vote of Oregon was also doubtful. Northern Democrats and Southern Republicans were dominated by conservatives, primarily by former Whigs. Tilden won the popular vote, but American presidential elections are not decided by popular vote, but by the Electoral College. Blaine of Maine emerged as the frontrunner of Grant's Republican Party. Both parties claimed victory in all three Southern states and sent teams of observers and lawyers into all three in hopes of influencing the official canvass.
The Compromise of 1877 was an unwritten agreement that was made between the Republicans and Democrats. This laid the foundation of discrimination against Blacks in the Southern States. A commission consisting of 15 congress men and a Supreme Court judge nullified the win two days prior to inauguration. Both Hayes and Tilden favored conservative rule in the American South and both favored civil service reform. Compromise of 1877 - End of Reconstruction for kids - President Rutherford Hayes Video The article on the Compromise of 1877 - End of Reconstruction provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. In return, Republicans agreed to withdraw federal troops from actively intervening in the politics of Louisiana and South Carolina the last two states occupied by federal troops.
Tilden gained notoriety when he went after the infamous ring of Boss Tweed that controlled New York City politics through bribes and graft. Tilden, governor of New York, and Republican Rutherford B. The Electoral Commission decided the 20 votes in favor of the Republicans declaring Rutherford B. However, when David Davis, the independent candidate refused to accept the nomination, the balance tilted towards the Republicans with Republican Joseph Bradley replacing Davis. Hayes, the governor of Ohio.
The dispute in Oregon was settled fairly quickly in favor of Hayes. The plight of the Blacks slaves had improved for most part in the South. With the federal presence gone, disenfranchisement of African-American voters in the South became widespread and Southern states passed segregationist laws governing virtually all aspects of society -- called Jim Crow -- that remained intact until the Civil Rights Act of 1964, passed during the administration of President Lyndon B. Download This Sample This sample is exclusively for KidsKonnect members! The season degenerated into the opposing sides launching vicious personal attacks on the opposition candidate. Hayes, the governor of Ohio, was nominated at a convention that required seven ballots.
Compromise of 1877, the End of Reconstruction: The Aims and Goals of the Compromise of 1877 The goal of the Republicans with Compromise of 1877 was to ensure that their candidate, Rutherford B. Hayes separated by 20 disputed electoral votes from Southern states. One of the important events during his presidency was the Compromise of 1877 - the End of Reconstruction. Hayes and Democrat Samuel J. Through it, Republican Rutherford B.
The Compromise of 1877 and the End of Reconstruction. In other Southern states there were continued outrages on the ex-slaves. After the Republican troops left, the Southern states were free to impose Jim Crow. These troops served to guarantee African American men's right to vote, and the Republican-controlled federal government would only end the military occupation when states rewrote their Constitutions to recognize the citizenship and voting rights of African American men. A bipartisan commission was formed to decide the dispute, and they handed all of the disputed votes to Hayed to make him the winner, a decision Democrats refused to recognize.