# Theoretical yield of aspirin from salicylic acid. Aspirin is made by the reaction of salicylic acid with acetic an hydride what is the theoretical yield of aspirin if 85.0 grams of salicylic acid is treated with excess acetic an hydride 2019-02-13

Theoretical yield of aspirin from salicylic acid Rating: 4,9/10 597 reviews

## Calculating Theoretical Yield

As the temperature of the water increases, the solubility of aspirin increases due to an increased amount of interactions and collisions. Comparing the theoretical yield with the actual yield produced, the quality of the experiment carried out will become evident. Other prescription acne medications are definitely a no-no -- but concerning salicylic acid, follow your doctor's recommendations and be at ease about it. Felix Hoffman and Arthur EichengrÃ¼n first synthesized the active ingredient in aspirin, acetylsalicylic acid, in 1893. As a result the vapour or gases formed in the reaction could have travelled up into reflux tube and left the system. Due to the time factor it was unable to make this judgment. It does not matter whether moles or mass is used for the calculation as long as the two units are not used at the same time.

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## How to Make Aspirin

The steps to finidng it would be great. Mass is measured in grams? Add 10 mL of ethanol. Filter the solid product by using the pump, wash thoroughly with water and drain. Some say it's not harmful at all she was in this category , others do not recommend it. It was not digital and did had a disk shaped scale. At 15Â°C, the solubility is only 0. Calculation Here limiting reagent is salicylic acid; hence yield should be calculated from its amount taken.

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## How to Make Aspirin

Instead of the normal procedural method, the measured amounts of each substance were given. Set the flask in an ice bath to cool the mixture and speed crystallization. This way an idea of the safety conditions and the handling of chemicals can be considered. There were many reasons to this. The reactants: In the experiment that was carried out the reactants were not measured by the apprentices. Overall this shows that the experiment was a success as a large amount of aspirin was produced, however these results also showed that there was major errors or inefficiencies in the experiment.

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## Synthesis of aspirin from salicylic acid using acetic anhydride

Ideal conditions also obstruct side reactions, so that there is no loss of ingredients. As there was a fixed time to complete the experiment, some parts of the experiment were rushed and were not done accurately. The yield of the reaction is based on the limiting reagent, also termed as limiting reactant, which determines the extent of the reaction before the reaction is complete. This was due majorly for the fact that the filteration system on many of the suction faucets did not work, making for repeated trials while losing parts of product in the process. Show that the % the same whether you calculate using grams or moles.

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## How to Make Aspirin

Do not allow temperature to exceed 70 degrees. Quantity of raw materials reactants Quantity of Aspirin produced? Then it will be discussed as to why the yield produced are the same or different and also why the melting point are the same or different. How many grams of salicylic acid are needed to make 1000 1-gram tablets of aspirin? Be sure the water is near freezing to minimize loss of product. Filter the crude product on a using suction, wash with cold water. This was done by providing a safety glass barrier that was placed in front of the fume cupboard to keep a safe distance. There was no way to tell weather these had been measured out correctly.

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## Aspirin is made by the reaction of salicylic acid with acetic an hydride what is the theoretical yield of aspirin if 85.0 grams of salicylic acid is treated with excess acetic an hydride

However when 70Â°C was reached and the heater was turned off, it was observed that the temperature on the thermometer had risen around 10Â°C more after this point. What is the actual yield produced in the experiment compared to the theoretical yield? Human error was also taken into account Time Other problems also included time factor. For example the reflux used in the experiment has some sort of residue contained inside it. What is the percentage yield for the reaction shown below? From analysing the original data values it is possible to calculate the theoretical yield using moles and masses. Using the of aspirin, you get the number of moles of aspirin produced. Why are the reasons for this yield? Swirl the mixture using a stirring rod before heating. Can you tell me if I'm doing this correctly?? Bob222, Yesterday I posted a question and you answered me with how to calculate it.

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## How to calculate teh theoretical yield of aspirin to be obtained when 2.0 g of

How did this affect the actual product yield? As you see it starting to melt makes a note of the temperature. The relative molecular mass of salicylic acid is 138. The average tablet contains about 325 milligrams of the active ingredient acetylsalicylic acid with an inert binding material such as starch. Measure out 50g of salicylic acid with care. Any information that is included in the report will be referenced at the end. The crude acetylsalicylic acid either solidifies at once, or separates as oil which rapidly crystallises as the stirring proceeds. This is for the reaction to occur while preventing the aspirin from re-crystallizing prematurely? Bring a 10 mL graduated cylinder to get acetic anhydride 4.

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## Theoretical Yield Worked Example Problem

Chilled mixture in an ice water bath while scratching the inside of the flask with a glass rod. Collected crystals by vacuum filtration again. Empty the solution from the filter flask and draw air over the crystals. Then, it is released into the blood stream and has pain-relieving effects How much of the reagents should you use?. The balanced equation of the reaction of salicylic acid and acetic anhydride indicates that their is a 1:1:1:1 ratio between every reactant and product. Combining this with the number of grams per tablet will give the number of grams of aspirin.

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## Calculating Theoretical Yield

Transfer the crystals to a beaker. Therefore precautions were taken with chemicals such as sulphuric acid that causes severe burns. Can you see what effect this had on the end product? It reduces the risk of transient ischemic attacks in men. Measure out all the substance individually. Also bearing in mind it is very impossible to get 100% yield it is still possible to obtain a greater amount of yield.

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## Lab B

This may have been due to a failure to filter out by products and the use of too much water in the process. Stir and warm the beaker to dissolve the crystals. The reason for this is because water was not travelling all around the reflux tube as there were residue particles inside it. As a result the chemicals were a little burnt. Also, the melting point range will seem broader than it really is.

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