Scout had never heard her daddy say that something was a sin, so she was naturally curious as to why mockingbirds were so special. They have a housekeeper named Calpurnia, who is a stern kind-hearted African-American. Whereas the beginning of the novel focuses largely on Jem and Scout's childhood and their obsession with Boo, the trial gradually begins to take over. All the other children in the class understand this: growing up in this setting teaches children that people can behave a certain way simply because of the family or group that they come from. Although it's only a dusting, Jem is determined to build his first snowman and sets out creatively making one out of dirt, and then using the precious white snow to cover it up. This suggests that schools can only provide limited change in children's moral sensibility, or no change at all - families and communities are the true sculptors of children's sense of what is right and good, and what is not. However, Scout doesn't feel sorry for her considering her unfriendly treatment that morning.
Realizing she had been so close to Boo, Scout is nearly struck down with terror. Later, Scout overhears her father talking to Uncle Jack about the case. Atticus takes Scout and Jem outside. They get home, and there is a big collection of neighbors already there. All he really did was sit in their living room and read. Scout also learns that the reason Walter Cunningham doesn't pass first grade is because he has to leave school in the spring to help around the farm. That is why the children lie and say that they were playing strip poker.
Rather, the law must change to accommodate them and protect the children, who should not have to suffer needlessly. Scout explains she doesn't remember learning how to read, but it seems she always knew how. Dill sees nothing, only curtains and a small faraway light. Our essay writing service is tailored to fit your budget. Jack promises and keeps his word. When the dog was within shooting sight, Mr.
However, Miss Maudie seems to think that serving living things - whether human or floral - is an important part of serving God. The timeline is placed during the depression where the status of her father as a respected and successful lawyer alleviates the Finch family from the harshness of the depression gripping the small town. Jem and Scout get permission to go sit with him that evening. Ewell is allowed to hunt out of season because he is known to be an alcoholic who spends his relief money on whiskey - if he can't hunt, his children may not eat. He uses all these instances as an opportunity to pass his values on to Scout and Jem.
Atticus does this with one shot, and Miss Maudie tells the children that, in his youth, Atticus was the best shot in the county. Calpurnia was shocked and said that Atticus could do a lot of things. The journey of this one individual against the mores of the entire group, though performed here in fear and on a dare, symbolically speaks toward events that will follow when Atticus defends Tom Robinson in court and Scout breaks up the threatening mob of townspeople. Other men in town would've sent a messenger and left it at that. Dubose's , finally breaking the baton over his knee.
In this chapter, Lee also reveals how Scout looks to Jem for support and wisdom. Scout viewed him as feeble and was disappointed that he couldn't do the things most fathers did like playing football in the Methodist versus Baptist fundraiser game. Scout went to the back yard and Jem was using his gun to shoot tin cans. Jem and Scout then realized that there was much more to Atticus then they knew. Jem gets his pants caught, and he has to leave them there, caught in the fence, so he can get away with Scout and Dill. In Chapter 5, though Atticus tries to encourage the children to leave Boo alone, their senses of sympathy have been summoned by thinking about Boo's solitude and his strict upbringing.
Dubose, Atticus surprises them by coming in. Miss Maudie explained that Atticus didn't hunt because he realized that God had given him an unfair advantage over most creatures, and he decided that he wouldn't shoot anymore until it was necessary. The three try to start a few games, but quickly get bored. They head down to town for him to lighten his pockets. The racist nature of the white supremacy society places all odds against Tom. They got caught and he had to leave them behind or risk getting shot.
When September rolls around and Dill leaves to go back home to Meridian, Scout realizes that she's starting her first year of school. Chapter 9 - Atticus is chosen to defend Tom Robinson, and he accepts. It is, however, a much easier thing to write about than racism. Scout is awakened in the middle of the night by Atticus, who tells her Miss Maudie's house next door is on fire and they have to get out. Dubose's frequent corrections of his mistakes had dropped off, and she doesn't even notice when he stops mid-sentence. Calpurnia calls Atticus, who returns home with Heck Tate, the sheriff of Maycomb. Miss Caroline is from the richer and more cultured North Alabama, and does not understand the country ways of Maycomb.
He is said to be criminally insane, but his family refused to have him institutioned, so instead, they just keep him in the house all the time. Symbolism of Mockingbird The mockingbird is used to symbolize innocence in the novel. To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 10 Scout's promise to Atticus about fighting was tested constantly at school because of the case he had taken on, but she bit the bullet and kept her fists down. And he didn't have an admirable job like a dump truck driver or a farmer or even a mechanic. The children don't know if the knothole is someone's hiding place or if the pennies are a gift, but decide to take them and keep them safely at the bottom of Jem's trunk. However, he is resolved to see it through and this, in turn, makes his courage even more apparent to the reader. She demonstrates how people who are caught up in the jumble of ignorance and poverty to mask their shame and low self-esteem.
Atticus asks her to understand the situation from Miss Caroline's point of view - Miss Caroline can't be expected to know what to do with her students when she doesn't know anything about them yet. Scout wants to brag to everyone about this, but Jem tells her to keep quiet because Atticus probably wouldn't want this. He admonishes Scout not to use racial slurs, and is careful to always use the terms acceptable for his time and culture. . Dubose medicine as her fit begins. To begin the day, Miss Caroline reads a saccharine children's story about cats, which leaves the children feeling restless.