Jem and Dill follow her, and Atticus orders Jem to go home. To replace this word with something less offensive is censorship. The members of First Purchase Church-an all black church-are generally very inviting to Scout and Jem. The kindness of the congregation of First Purchase and their strong community helps to convey Harper Lees views on the unjust racism that is ever-present in Maycomb. Curious about the trial, Scout asks her father what rape is. He has been unhappy with his life and the lack of attention his parents have been giving him, so he took himself on the train to Maycomb.
As his trial is nearing, Tom Robinson is to be moved to the Maycomb jail, and concerns about the possibility of a lynch mob have arisen. From a distance, they see Atticus sitting in front of the Maycomb jail, reading a newspaper. After this, they hear a voice nearby and Mr. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry. She fails to recognize that issues of race are at play. It becomes very apparent in this section that Jem is becoming further distanced from Scout in terms of growing up. Scout gets angry at being lectured and attacks Jem.
There, one of the missionary ladies, Mrs. The novel also continues to reveal the ugly underbelly of Maycomb. To make matters worse, the state legislature, of which Atticus is a member, is called into session, forcing Atticus to travel to the state capital every day for two weeks. Aunt Alexandra, meanwhile, takes over the Finch household and imposes her vision of social order. Scout discovers something under her bed. Scout is fairly oblivious to issues of race so, in her mind, the Ewells are incredibly low-class, so she can't understand how their word holds any merit. Here are links to our lists for the novel: , , , , , Here is a link to our lists for by Harper Lee.
To her surprise, it's Dill. He makes a valiant attempt but succeeds only in making Scout cry. A group of men gets out, and one demands that Atticus move away from the jailhouse door. When they reach the jail, the find that Atticus is sitting outside in a chair reading the newspaper. Alexandra is extremely proud of the Finches and spends much of her time discussing the characteristics of the various families in Maycomb. When Scout goes to her room, she sees something under her bed. Scout begins to look forward to Dill's return that summer; however, she is disappointed when she receives a letter from him saying that his mother has remarried and he will be staying with his family in Meridian that summer instead.
Atticus breaks up the fight and sends them off to bed. However, Jem and Scout lack the pride that Aunt Alexandra considers commensurate with being a Finch. When Scout's father is appointed to defend a black man in a high-profile trial, racial tensions in the small town come to a head. This speech demonstrates the gulf between blacks and whites in Maycomb: not only do class distinctions and bigotry divide the two races, but language does as well. Underwood, the owner of the newspaper, appears with a shotgun, telling Atticus that he had his back. Alexandra quickly becomes quite popular in Maycomb, thriving in its social life, especially among the women. She orders Atticus to lecture them on the subject of their ancestry.
His mature decision is a stark contrast to Scout's behavior when she able to diffuse the whole situation simply with innocence. Atticus then takes Scout and the other children home. Jem tells Atticus-despite Scout's protest- and Atticus goes next door to tell Dill's aunt, Miss Rachel. The church is simple and very poor; however, the people are kind to Scout and Jem and, even though they have little, they rally to support Tom Robinson's wife. When the children return home, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting for them.
One woman, Lula, criticizes Calpurnia for bringing white children to church, but the congregation is generally friendly, and Reverend Sykes welcomes them, saying that everyone knows their father. Cunningham to say hello to his son shows how truly unaware of the situation she is. Atticus goes to the jail with the intention of preventing a lynch mob from getting to Tom Robinson. Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. Calpurnia, who is minding the children, takes Jem and Scout to her church one day. This calls to mind the encounter with Burris Ewell earlier in the novel and his rude treatment of Miss Caroline. He sends a letter saying that he has a new father presumably, his mother has remarried and will stay with his family in Meridian.
Analysis: Chapters 14—15 If Aunt Alexandra embodies the rules and customs of the adult world, then the reappearance of Dill at this juncture offers Scout an opportunity to flee, at least for a short time, back into the comforts of childhood. Scout asks if she can go with Calpurnia again, and Aunt Alexandra is outraged. That night, Alexandra tries to talk Atticus into firing Calpurnia. Expecting it to be the sheriff and his crew, Scout jumps out of hiding to greet them. Scout has never seen anything like their church before, and marvels at how the Church doesn't even have hymns.
Jem suggests that they not disturb Atticus and return home. This speech demonstrates the gulf between blacks and whites in Maycomb: not only do class distinctions and bigotry divide the two races, but language does as well. The children begin to leave but, just then, a group of cars shows up. Here, the reader gets its first look at the black community in Maycomb. When the children return home, they find Aunt Alexandra waiting for them.