The instructor assigns everyone a compare and contrast essay on life in a city compared to life on a farm. Once you have gathered these sources, close reading which includes the process of annotating, highlighting, or note taking , will help you summarize their main ideas, and connect them to your claim. When comparing two things or objects, one can see the divergent views which could make one better than the other. This lesson plan, for grades 3-6 from ReadWriteThink, teaches students to summarize information by graphically organizing information in response to questions, then reorganizing their answers into paragraph form. In a science course, topics could be based on comparing and contrasting two species of plants or animals, or comparing one theory in a given subject area to another theory. Many times, as students learn to summarize, their first attempts are a collection of details, rather than the main ideas of the passage.
This part of the paper which may be one paragraph or several pages depending on the length of the paper--is similar to the. Based on this comparison, you will give your answer to the initial question. Some very simple block comparisons describe one item and then the second and then compare them. Lesson Summary Compare and contrast essays give writers the chance to explore two subjects within a single essay. It can be effective to use very specific examples, questions, and citations to make a point. The combination: As with all writing, there is no simple formula for a paper that uses comparison.
This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay. When you have finished your paper, write a conclusion reminding readers of the most significant themes you have found and the ways they connect to the overall topic. Compare and contrast are words that are often used to talk about the similarities and differences between two things or objects. Now the thesis statement can be created, and the specific details can become the paragraphs. Finally, evaluating sources means that you will use the main ideas from the close reading to justify using a source for your claim.
Comparison 2: I eat ice cream slowly. Let's look back to our example about chocolate. Following the example prompt, you might choose chocolate as your passion, and state your claim as: 'Chocolate has a tranquilizing effect; it calms me and helps me to focus on homework, and perform better on exams. What is the main point about similarities and differences between city life and farm life that the writer is trying to make? Also introduces the texts to be synthesized: i Gives the title of each source following the citation guidelines of whatever style sheet you are using ; ii Provides the name of each author; ii Sometimes also provides pertinent background information about the authors, about the texts to be summarized, or about the general topic from which the texts are drawn. You may find six or seven sources, but only a few of them will help your claim. The biggest differences between your subjects.
Represents the texts fairly--even if that seems to weaken the paper! This is the preliminary research you do to find sources that you believe will support the viewpoint written in the tentative thesis. Clearly indicates which material comes from which source using lead in phrases and in-text citations. In her book Comprehension Connections: Bridges to Strategic Reading, Tanny McGregor provides examples of instructional sequences for synthesizing using common objects nesting dolls , prompts or sentence starters, and a spiral-shaped graphic organizer inspired by the notes written and passed by her students. You can write a paragraph about each characteristic of both locations, comparing the locations in the same paragraph. What is the difference between Compare and Contrast? It contains no thesis, but it does have a purpose: to present the information that is out there in a helpful and logical way.
There are even phrases that use the word compare as in compare notes. Or a better pet choice for a specific living situation e. You compare between two similar objects. It may involve , as well, along with classification, and division as you work on your organization. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar.
It is a waste of time to carefully edit a paper before it is revised! Each circle represents one subject. Don't use overly negative or defamatory language to show why a subject is unfavorable; use solid evidence to prove your points instead. The block pattern is a good approach for a short paper five pages or less and may be familiar from high school comparison papers. Key Features of a Synthesis 1 It accurately reports information from the sources using different phrases and sentences; 2 It is organized in such a way that readers can immediately see where the information from the sources overlap;. If you prefer to work on your computer, make a table using your word processing software or a spread sheet program.
Other student-produced summaries are too vague and do not include enough detail. Contrast 2: I want to buy an ice cream. Did you notice this error occurring more than once? Begins with a sentence or phrase that informs readers of the topic of the paragraph; 2. Teachers need to devote time to explicit instruction and modeling on both determining importance and summarizing to help students become proficient with both strategies. The origin of compare lies in the late. Talking with the Texts Each teacher might have a different way of explaining how a synthesis essay is constructed.
Write a body paragraph for a point-by-point compare and contrast essay. You'll see errors in your argument more easily after taking a break. The essay on farmlife versus city would provide at least one paragraph on how people's lives in the city are like the lives of the people that live on a farm. While your thesis statement might include all of the previous answers, it is not necessary to include all of them. For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza in as many paragraphs as necessary , then all your points about homemade pizza. For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Relevance helps determine which characteristics are worth comparing and contrasting.