For example, in the rural social structure the rate of change is slower because the rate of change is not governed by any universal law, whereas it is quick in the urban societies. Today, while new nations are coming into being in the human society, equally strong efforts are being made to create a world society by compromising these nations. In the study of social change demographic factors have been viewed from two different angles. Spirituality, especially Christianity, provides an effective bridge among African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans. It is neither moral nor immoral, it is amoral. Ward, social evolution was, in effect, social progress. No universal standards of progress.
Examples include Jesus, Napoleon, and Hitler. Thirdly, in case of organic evolution only the descending generation is affected by the structural modification, alterations. But social change is a generic term, an objective term describing one of the fundamental processes. In the idealistic type of culture, reality and value are regarded sensory as well as supersensory. A changeless society is an unreality.
Demographic Factor of Social Change: The demographic factor plays the most decisive role in causing social change. Thus, material culture tends to grow exponentially. For example, health and longevity have been considered as criteria of progress by some, while other have taken economic security, moral conduct as the criteria of progress. In a large university, classes might hold 600 students or more, and everything is more impersonal. But as new phenomena begin to contradict it, the paradigm succumbs to increasing doubt. Not all changes imply progress.
Tönnies lamented the loss of close social bonds and of a strong sense of community resulting from modernization, and he feared that a sense of rootlessness begins to replace the feeling of stability and steadiness characteristic of small, older societies. In order to work effectively in a culturally and ethnically diverse community, a community builder needs to first understand how each racial and ethnic group in that community is organized in order to support its members. At the same time, you have to be aware that by bypassing or trying to expand the traditional power structure, you may be sacrificing credibility with the community or, at the very least, losing some of the most powerful community leaders. Desire and volition are needed for progress. Philosophies of Change The cyclical process of birth, growth, breakdown, and disintegration has been a perennial theme in philosophy dating back to the ancient Greeks, and perhaps further.
The view that change takes place in a cyclical way has been accepted by some modern thinkers also who have given different versions of the cyclical theory. Technology alone holds the key to change. In a society where the size or number of female children is greater than the number of male children, we will find a different system of courtship, marriage and family disorganisation from that where the case is reverse. A different view is conflict theory, which operates on a broad base that includes all institutions. Many of the conditions on which important human values such as contentment, economic security, honesty and freedom depend are not often realized more adequately in the more evolved society. Among these innovations were the use of fire, the cultivation of plants, the domestication of animals dating from about 8000 bce , the use of metals, and the process of. Starting from a point of momentary stasis, Thesis countered by Antithesis first yields conflict, then it subsequently results in a new Synthesis.
For example in the development of languages, where the process of differentiation has been stressed, we have many disconnecting facts. However, any sudden social change disrupts this equilibrium. If the number of ageing population decreases, the youths may be deprived of wisdom and experience which resulted in slow change. This happens for various reasons: the initial vision is usually incomplete, especially in its practical details; certain accommodations may be made to broaden the appeal of the vision; and the original vision may include such things as predictions that fail to materialize, thus requiring re-explanation. The modern Government which rule through the bureaucracy have further impersonalised the human relations. At the same time, you, the community builder may be a member of one of the groups. The dynamic force in progress was, like that in biological evolution, the competitive struggle for existence in which the fit survive and the unfit perish.
The rules of sociological method S. Community Building Community building has been defined in various ways. The social heritage is never a script that is followed slavishly by people. It did not bring the fulfillment, that was taken to be its true aim. These lags in adaptation create powerful tensions in society. Evolution is a demonstrable reality; out the term progress is very much subjective and value-loaded and is not demonstrable with a degree of certainty. The changing social order Social change in the broadest sense is any change in social relations.
The Origins of Sociology Sociologists believe that our social surroundings influence thought and action. What do all these leaders have in common? The word progress cannot be appended to change in every direction. Men interpret the whole world. It should be noted that technology alone cannot bring vast changes in society. Without the full participation of all concerned, perspectives will be missing and there is a good chance that some of the issues involved will go unaddressed. But when we speak of progress we imply not merely direction, but direction towards some final goal, some destination determined ideally.