A number of policemen came into conflict with a procession. Mullik a leading member of the Liberal Party who was invited to the dinner left the party as a protest. Students in thousands left schools and colleges established by the Government. To the negative side of the boycott of foreign goods was added a constructive side that included the promotion of Swadeshi goods especially hand-spun and hand-woven Khadi cloth, the removal of untouchability, the promotion of Hindu-Muslim unity and abstention of alcoholic beverage. While Gandhiji was conducting his investigations in Bihar, he received requests to help and guide the peasants of Kheda in Gujrat who were finding difficulties in paying the rents, owing to failure of crops. So, with this Gandhi announced that mass Civil Disobedience would begin from the Bardoli in Surat of the Bombay Presidency, the place where later, a Satyagraha would be launched in 1928. In a similar way, in November 1921, mass demonstrations were held against the Prince of Wales during his tour of India.
The police entered forcibly to the house of the U. Thus began the Non-Co-operation Movement of Gandhi to shake the British rule and its foundation. The Swadeshi concept became a household word. Hartals put life at a standstill. Several resolutions were passed by the delegates, and the object of the Indian National Congress was now declared to be attainment of self-rule—Swaraj — by legitimate and peaceful means. Results of the Movement:- In the words of Dr.
. Major Events of Non-Cooperation Movement The visit of the Prince of Wales in November 1921 was marked with demonstrations, hartals and political meetings marred by scenes of mob violence and Police atrocities in Bombay. All this led to resentment against the government. For example, if a number of advocates resign at the same time, it creates a disruption to work. He proceeded to Champaran to conduct an enquiry.
Against a background of economic hardship of rising prices and shortage of foods and other necessities of life, significant sections of the people had become unsettled. Motilal Neheru, Jawaharlal Neheru, Subash Chandra Bose, C. His unique political thoughts, which arose from his spiritual beliefs, changed Indian politics and went on to play a significant role in awakening the political consciousness of the common masses. The Muslim leaders appealed to the Hindus to co-operate with them and support non-cooperation. This uprising of the Muslims peasants against the Hindu Landlords came to be known as the Moplah Rebellion. Renowned institutions like Jamia Millia at Aligarh, Kashi Vidyapeeth, Gujarat Vidyapeeth and Bihar Vidyapeeth were established during this period. A meeting of the Hindus and Muslims was held at Allahabad under the auspices of the Central Khilafat Committed on June 1, and 2 to consider the serious situation created by the Allies peace terms offered to Turkey.
It signified a new chapter in the history of Indian freedom struggle. A Satyagraha Sabha was formed. Similar Treatment was extended to him at Calcutta, Delhi and Bombay. In the year 1920, in the history of the struggle of India for independence, a new era had begun with the non cooperation movement. The tour of the Duke of Connaught to India was boycotted. The much awaited reforms came at last disappointing which retained the same policy of divide and rule among the Indians giving the provision of separate electorate system in 1919 Act. A programme of surrender of titles, the boycott of schools, courts and councils, the boycott of foreign goods, the promotion maintenance of a Hindu-Muslim unity and strict non-violence was adopted.
In mid-December, Madan Mohan Malaviya initiated a negotiation with the British but that proved futile. On 1 February 1922, in a letter to the Governor General, Gandhi spoke of non—payment of taxes. Lastly the Government could realize their utter failure to cow down the people through the use of repressive measures. The Act provided for summary trial of political offences by a special court. More than 30,000 people entered into the jails of India. The Congress met at Calcutta in September 1920 and approved the policy of non-violent; non-operation until the wrongs were righted and Swraj established. Hindus and Muslims in a bond of fraternity got ready for a mass movement.
Besides visits of members of the British royal family was decided to be boycotted. In Bombay town, the demonstration by the Congress became violent and anti-British riot continued for five days. The Government faced naturally embarrassing situations all over India. Gandhi feared that the movement might lead to popular violence. It involved peaceful violation of specific laws, mass courting of arrests, and occasional hartals and spectacular marches.
No one retaliated or said anything to the police. It was led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi after the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. On 10th March, 1920, Mahatma Gandhi issued a manifesto elaborating his doctrine of non-violent and non-cooperation duly approved by the Congress. Foreign goods were burnt in bonfires. Lord Ronaldshay, the Governor of Bengal threatened to take more drastic steps if these measures proved inadequate and many other Governments followed the same measure.
Two years latter the office of the Khalifa was also abolished. The Congress and the Khilafat Committees were proclaimed illegal. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. The Khilafat Conference in Malabar incited so much communal feelings among the Muslim peasants The Moplahs that it took an anti—Hindu turn in July 1921. Twenty two policemen were brutally killed by the violent mob after the conflict between the mob and the policemen of the Thana.