I have the feeling that his view is ultimately based on a Marxist-like type of historical perspective, whereby specific historical events are merely accidents, there is little or no role for chance, randomness and individual action, and where complex feedback loops, culture and ideology, religion, war outcomes and politics are just super-structural elements derived from more fundamental materialistic aspects. With the New world not having these advantages, it slowed diffusion. Australia provides by far the earliest evidence for human ability to cross wide water gaps, and some of the earliest widespread evidence for behaviorally modern humans. This may not go down well with a Japanese audience with their extreme nationalism and their emphasis on superiority over neighboring cultures. Matthew Restall expresses the point even more forcibly in 2003. This interview was conducted with Mr Diamond via email in late 2004 by the program's Associate Producer, Susan Horth.
What we found is that the answer doesn't have anything to do with people and it has everything to do with people's environments. I was learning lots of stuff myself and I was having to explain it to myself and get other people to explain it to me, and then I've gone on to explain these things to other people in the same way that I explained them to myself. In 1998, Guns, Germs, and Steel won the for and the. He shares many examples in history to support his thesis. Although Diamond is not the first to speculate on this complicated subject, his answer is revolutionary. Eurasia is an iffy area for Diamond's purposes. Just because you get the basic premise of Natural Selection does not mean you shouldn't read Darwin's classics.
Diamond is right about the significance of germs, but that part's a gimme. That is, the different historical trajectories of Africa and Europe stem ultimately from differences in real estate. Describes how food production came to be by farming and the domestication of animals 2. In the cold, you are required to find shelter and clothing to help you survive. Now that I've arrived at a certain end of the journey what it means to me first and foremost is fascination, the stuff is so interesting, the explanations so interesting, they were complex, they were unexpected, the story of the discovery was fascinating, it was something that I was working on, the question was posed forty years ago. Africa, Domesticated animals, Domestication 3885 Words 21 Pages you are essentially making an argument.
Diamond's point is that people living in areas with more domesticable animals sheep, cattle, pigs, horses, etc. Nowadays, virtually every time that I give a public lecture, there is at least one school class in attendance, and the students are invariably among my most enthusiastic listeners. These conditions are not reproduced in most other parts of the world; Diamond has a range of interesting tables, showing how few useful domesticable species there are elsewhere. Diamond rephrases this question: why did white Eurasians dominate over other cultures by means of superior guns, population-destroying germs, steel, and food-producing capability? Diamond wrote this book to answer the question of a New Guinean politician, Yali. Similar circumstances were observed in the and in. How about the evolution of ideas, or the impact of great leaders and inventors? Due to climate and landform zones, Eurasian civilizations were then able to share inventions and culture with each other by trade or conquest, whereas complex civilizations that developed elsewhere, such as those of the Aztecs and Incas, remained relatively isolated.
Agriculture, Domestication, Fertile Crescent 1469 Words 4 Pages The author of Guns, Germs, and Steel is named Jared Diamond. After all, Diamond published two books in 1997. Jared Mason Diamond was born on 10 September 1937 in Boston, Massachusetts. Some places of the world remained unpopulated until quite recently. The domestication of plants and animals helped determine a society's supply of food. Among the many accomplished and influential people who have expounded this view to me are numerous famous academics especially in fields other than the social sciences , famous inventors, and powerful cabinet ministers.
Those differences are largely due to differences in the wild plant and animal species available for domestication, and in the continental axes. I'm not comparing Jared Diamond to Charles Darwin. They're only going to get worse, too. Each poses varying, yet true, accounts of the same historical events. That's true for Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Mauritius. There is about 200,000 wild plant species, but human only eat only a few thousands of those wild plant species, and on top of that, only a few hundred are even domesticated.
True, the theories promoted in Diamond's book are not disrupted by the accuracy of details concerning the peoples and societies under discussion, but this raises another concern for me: the theories are so generalized, they don't suffer for the potential inaccuracy of described events. As an explanation of why the world is the way it is, it is an utter and complete failure. After reading the thesis of Guns, Germs and Steel in the preface, I found the rest of the book Books nbsp; Private Property and the Endangered Species Act: Saving Habitats, Protecting Homes. Domestic animals fed people by furnishing meat, milk, and fertilizer and by animal labor. Mann's 1491 immediately before Guns, Germs, and Steel, I was all-too aware of the dated nature of many of Diamond's assumptions about the New World. Eurasia's dense populations, high levels of trade, and living in close proximity to livestock resulted in widespread transmission of diseases, including from animals to humans. The answer is simple: we tried and it didn't work.
The difference in environment allowed each tribe, who were vastly similar, to develop at a different paces and allowed for the Maori to eventually destroy the Moriori. Threats posed by immediate neighbours ensured governments that suppressed economic and technological progress soon corrected their mistakes or were outcompeted relatively quickly, whilst the region's leading powers changed over time. Neither European nor American bison probably conspecific rather than separate species were domesticated, despite American bison being the dominant wild ungulate and most important game species of the North American plains and being successfully ranched today, and despite five other species of wild cattle having been domesticated the aurochs ancestral to cows, the mithan, the banteng, the yak, and the water buffalo. It was a voyage of discovery. Some interesting points on this book for me: 1.
He was raised by two highly intelligent people. Although agriculture arose in several parts of the world, Eurasia gained an early advantage due to the greater availability of suitable plant and animal species for domestication. The book starts out with the author, Jared Diamond, in New Guinea talking to a New Guinean politician named Yali. Black people, Environment, Environmental determinism 1648 Words 5 Pages I first read Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs, and Steel in the Fall 2003 based on a recommendation from a friend. There are other countries who can similarly use knowledge to help themselves. Diamond identifies 13 species of large animals over 100 pounds 45 kg domesticated in Eurasia, compared with just one in South America counting the and as breeds within the same species and none at all in the rest of the world. In explaining the disparity by using the environment as a lens, Diamond shows that, despite humans being biologically similar around the world, living in different environments can create drastically different outcomes.
Examples like this allow Diamond to engage even readers who are more used to fiction. In fact, in the last 200 years, at least six large mammals have been subject to well-organized domestication projects: the eland, elk, moose, musk ox, zebra, and American bison. What Diamond completely underestimates, is the influences of culture of and biology. Second, since Europe is oriented East-West rather than North-South, a species which is domesticated in one part of Europe has a good chance of thriving in another, so there are many opportunities to swap farming technology between different areas. Human who domesticated animals were the first to get sick with the new diseases, however it helped them evolve resistance towards these diseases.